Top 10 Nobel Prize Winners – with inventions that are still being used

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6. Baruch S Blumberg

Baruch S Blumberg

In 1963 Blumberg discovered an antigen to detect the presence of Hepatitis B in blood samples. His invention of the test to isolate this virus, is used extensively even today, and it has led to a significant decrease in Hepatitis B infections after blood transfusions. He also jointly developed a vaccine against this virus.

 

7. Arthur Schawlow

Arthur Schawlow

Along with Charles Townes he was the co-inventor of the Laser. Today various fields such as defence and communication and medicine rely upon Laser techniques to make their jobs easier. They received a patent for the laser in 1960 and within a few years it was being commonly used by eye-surgeons for minute, precise surgery.


8. John Bardeen & William B Shockley & Walter Brattain

John Bardeen William  Shockley  Walter Brattain

These three shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1956 for inventing the transistor – a device that could amplify electrical current. Bardeen won the Nobel Prize a second time 1972 for his work on superconductivity. Modern computer technology electronics and microchip owe a lot to these three scientists.


9. Nils Gustaf Dalen

Nils Gustaf Dalen

He was awarded the Nobel Prize for his “invention of automatic regulators for use in conjunction with gas accumulators for illuminating lighthouses and bouys.” He was also the inventor of the AGA cooker and of the Dalen Light.

 

10. Irving Langmuir

Irving Langmuir

An American physicist and chemist, Irving Langmuir is renowned for inventing the gas filled incandescent lamp and for the high-vacuum electron tube. The incandescent lamps are now being phased out, but for many years they were used for households and commercial areas and for cars and advertising sites.

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