Psychological disorders range from common phobias to post traumatic stress syndrome. The following is a list of the top 10 psychological disorders afflicting people in the current times.
1. Obsessive compulsive disorder
Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is a psychological disorder characterized by thoughts that produce stress or anxiety, by repetitive behaviors or by combinations of such thoughts (obsessions) and behaviors (compulsions). Extensive hoarding, repetitive hand washing or pre occupation with religious, sexual or aggressive impulses can be the symptoms of this type of disorder.
2. Bipolar disorder
Bipolar Disorder is otherwise known as bipolar affective disorder or depressive disorder. In this case a patient suffers from acute mood disorders defined by the presence of one or more episodes of abnormally elevated mood levels called mania or, if milder, hypomania. Such patients who experience manic episodes also experience depressive symptoms or episodes or mixed episodes where both mania and depression are experienced at the same time.
3. Social anxiety disorder
This disorder is also known as social phobia or social anxiety. When a patient suffers from this disorder they are extremely uncomfortable in the company of other people and experience anxiety in social situations. This can cause undue stress, distress or impaired ability to function in at least some areas of daily life.
4. Clinical depression or severe depressive disorder
This disorder is otherwise known as Unipolar depression, Major depressive disorder or unipolar depression. In this type of mental disorder, patients experience an all-encompassing low mood accompanied by loss of interest or pleasure in normally enjoyable activities and low self esteem.
Schizophrenia is a psychiatric condition where in there are abnormalities in the perception or expression of reality. Distortions in perception can impact hearing, sight, taste, smell and touch. It can also manifest as bizarre delusions, auditory hallucinations or disorganized speech with significant occupational or social dysfunction. The progression of schizophrenia varies from person to person. Some people experience only one psychotic episode and then start leading a normal life. Others fail to be independent and always struggle with auditory or visual hallucinations.