Posted on 07 March 2010.
We are all familiar with the word “mosque” which originated from the Arabic word “masjid”; however, we are not all aware of the biggest mosques in the world. Accommodating thousands of followers in one single prayer and with wide spread compounds these places are centres that have become quite famous in the world for religious trips. Let us have glance at the list of top ten largest mosques in the world.
So with out further ado, here’s the list:
1. Masjid al-Haram
This is the largest mosque in the world and is situated in Mecca. It covers 99 acres or 400,800 square meters. This area includes both the indoor as well as outdoor spaces which are occupied by the people during prayers. It can accommodate at least 4 million people.
2. Al-Masjid al-Nabawi
Al-Masjid al-Nabawi is often referred to as the Prophet’s Mosque, is a mosque situated in the city of Medina. As the final resting place of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, it is considered the second holiest site in Islam by Shia and Sunni Muslims (the first being the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca) and is the second largest mosque in the world.
The site was originally adjacent to Muhammad’s house. It is believed that he settled there after his Hijra to Medina in 622. The original mosque was an open-air building. The basic plan of the building was adopted in the building of other mosques throughout the world.
The mosque is also a community center, a court, and a religious school. There was a raised platform for the people who taught the Quran. Subsequent Islamic rulers greatly expanded and decorated it. In 1909, it became the first place in the Arabian Peninsula to be provided with electrical lights. The mosque is under the control of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques.
3. Istiqlal Mosque
This mosque is also known as Masjid Istiqlal and is located in Jakarta. It is the third largest mosque in the world and the largest in Southeast Asia. It was built to mark Indonesia’s independence.
4. Hassan II Mosque
This mosque is situated in Casablanca and is the largest in Morocco. It was designed by Michel Pinseau- a French architect. It is built on a peninsula overlooking the Atlantic which is visible through the massive glass floor. The mosque can hold 105,000 people and its minaret is 689 feet tall.
5. Faisal Mosque
The Faisal Mosque was built by Vedat Dalokay- a well-known Turkish architect. The design is very unique and the elements that are used merge the traditional and contemporary style. The Mosque has four minarets which are very thin and a triangular prayer hall. Unlike other Mosques, it does not have a dome.