When we collate a list of countries with the most Nobel Prize winners, then undoubtedly United States is at the top of the list. After all till date they have been awarded 270 Nobel Prize winners and the country which came in a distant second is United Kingdom with 117 winners.
However if we do a different type of listing we get a totally different picture. Let us count the number of prizes one in proportion to the number of people living in that particular country, and the results change dramatically. A per capita basis listing gives us the top ten countries listed below, and we assure you that the results will be surprising:
1. Iceland :
They have a population of less than half a million people and they have one Nobel Prize winner. The Nobel for literature was awarded to Haldor Laxness in 1955 for his “for his vivid epic power which has renewed the great narrative art of Iceland”. He wrote fifteen novels, poetry, short stories and travelogues.
The birthplace of the Nobel Prize has won 28 Nobel prizes and has a population of only 9 million people. They have probably the world’s best per capita record on a per capita basis, being edged out by Iceland by a small fraction.
A close third is Switzerland with 26 winners and a small population of approximately 7.8 million people. They have given us many Medicine and Physics and Chemistry winners.
With a population of only 5.5 million people, Denmark has been honoured with 13 Nobel Prize winners. They have won four prizes for Medicine and in 1908 Fredrik Bajer won the Nobel Prize for Peace.
Another Scandinavian country in the Top Ten list is Norway. With a population of only 4.9 million, they have been the recipients of 11 awards, ranging from three in Literature in the years 1903, 1920 and 1928, to three in Economics in 1969, 1989 and 2004.