Human Trafficking is a major issue in today’s globalizing world. It is part of organized crimes committed on almost every continent. Here are the top 10 human trafficking countries.
This list is assessed in accordance with the United States’ 3 tier system:
Tier 1: Countries fully compliant
Tier 2: Countries Not Fully Compliant/Making Effort
Tier 2 Watch List: Countries Not Fully Compliant/Making Effort/Not Enough Done
Tier 3: Countries not Fully Compliant/Not making effort
1. Burma (Tier 3):
Burma is a major source and transit country for victims of human trafficking. Burmese Women (especially Karens) are forced into prostitution in countries such as China, Thailand, Bangladesh, and India. Children are furthermore being obliged to beg and to work. The lack of job opportunities and the desire for higher income is the major push for the Burmese to migrate. The military Junta are not co-operative as they use children for the military themselves. The Burmese Junta in 2006 claims to have rigorously prosecuted 400 traffickers, but the problem has not been alleviated.
2. Somalia (Special Case):
The situation in Somalia is out of control. There is no central government in Somalia to take care of the issues of human trafficking. Human Trafficking is internal and done within self-declared Somali tribes. Poor economic conditions have forced many families to also give up their children. Those who are in displaced camps are the most vulnerable as they are willing to move to other countries. This is when human traffickers take advantage of them in the worst case scenarios.
3. Turkmenistan (Tier 3):
Turkmenistan is a major source of human trafficking and forced labour. Many men and women are subjected to forced labour and prostitution in Turkey, Russia and the United Kingdom. Turkmenistan is not doing its part to enforce anti-trafficking laws and is not meeting minimum standards of eliminating human trafficking. They have done little to none to protect and prevent victims and to prosecute traffickers.
4. North Korea (Tier 3):
The conditions in North Korea are beyond severe and are dire. North Korean women and children flee to China where they are forced into prostitution and involuntarily labour. Many of them have no choice since their status is not recognized. China has not helped with the situation. They return most of the victims back to North Korea, where they are faced with execution. North Korea, as we all all know it, is the most repressive regime.
5. Venezuela (Tier 3):
Venezuela is a source, transit and destination country for human traffickers. Many women and children are taken from poor and rural homes to urban areas where they are forced to prostitute. Many victims are recruited through false job hopes and offers from strangers. The government in Venezuela has done little to help. Although they have a law which bans trafficking, it has not set up shelters and relies on NGOs for help. Given the political instability in the country, a prevention plan is not in place.