Illnesses, such as Tuberculosis and Smallpox, wars with Europeans and interactions with whites led to the decimation and extinction of numerous native tribes across the world. Several tribes amalgamated with other tribes, while others became extinct with time. Here are the prime 10 Native Tribes which have faced extinction after European contact.
1. Beothuk Tribes:
The Beothuk was a dark and tall Native tribe with black hair and dark eyes. They lived for a huge number of years prior to the Vikings in present day Newfoundland. When Europeans under the leadership of John Cabot started exploiting lumber and fish inside the location, the Beothuk were forced out of their land. The worry of white individuals, tuberculosis and malnutrition decimated the population by 1700s.
By the beginning of the 19th century, the Beothuk were reduced to a small refugee population living along the Exploits River system and attempting to subsist on the inadequate resources of the interior. Although a succession of Newfoundland governors had, since the middle of the 18th century, attempted to establish friendly contact with the Beothuk, it was probably too late to change a pattern which had existed for perhaps 250 years. Shanawdithit, the last known Beothuk, died in St. John’s, Newfoundland in 1829.
They were a group of Native Americans, who played an integral part in Texan history. Disease, conflicts with Europeans and loss of territory led to their extinction. The tribe had a significant role in the Texas War of Independence as they sided with the United States over Mexico.
Smallpox, war and treaties signed with United States of America contributed to Mandans’ extinction. By 1837, their population was decimated to 125 men and women together with the outbreak of smallpox, which they were never immune to. In 1934, the Mandans merged with two other tribes together under the Indian Reorganization Act. The final pure Mandan died in 1971. The Mandans lived in the forests along the Missouri River within the western land now referred to as North Dakota. The Mandans were overall farmers and grew beans, corn, squash, and sunflowers. Many other Mandans were also buffalo hunters. Their way of life was determined by the buffalo hunt.
The Mandans lived in a circular type of residence known as a lodge. Each lodge was built over a shallow pit and covered with sod. Sod is earth; reduce into blocks or mats that are certainly held collectively by the grass and its roots. Many households lived in each lodge. At times as lots of as 60 people with their dogs lived in one particular lodge. In the center of the lodge was a fireplace beneath a hole within the roof. The hole let out smoke in the fire. Along the outer walls in the lodge were beds for every loved ones.
The Chisca were a tribe living in eastern Tennessee and southwestern Virginia. When waging wars against Europeans especial Hernando deSoto, the tribe was initially successful. They were, however, defeated by Juan Pardo of Spain. In the late 1700s, the tribe combined with the Shawnee under the name Chaskepe. By 18th century, they Chisca were extinct and their towns were burnt down by colonists.
Previously living on Vancouver Island and Barcland Island, they were part of the Nootka group of tribes. Contact with Europeans and smallpox is blamed for their extinction.