Top 10 December Events

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Historically, December has not been a celebratory month, as we all think. Multiple events occurred in this month, marking significant changes. Here are the 10 December Events which are of great historical significance.

 

1. Pearl Harbour Attacks-December 7:

On the morning of December 7, 1941, America’s naval base in Pearl Harbor was attacked by Japan. Approximately 2,400 Americans were killed and more than 1,000 were wounded. This attack marked United States’ entrance into World War II.

 

2. Adolph Eichman-December 15:

Adolph Eichman was tried, convicted and sentenced to death for his crimes against humanity during World War II. As an SS officer, he was directly responsible for the death of 430,000 Hungarian Jews, amongst others. He was executed on May 31, 1962 in Israel.

 

3. Russia leaves World War I:

Russia gave in on December 2, 1917 to the Central Powers. On the home and military fronts, Russia was exhausted. They were economically in debt, leading to mass grievances. A communist revolution was ensuing, which led to the downfall of the Czar. Peace talks on this began in preparation for the Brest-Litovsk Treaty.

 

4. Soviet Union Falls-1991:

The Soviet Union finally falls with the resignation of Mikhail Gorbachev. Perestroika and Glasnost policies paved way for change in a totalitarian state.

 

5. Canada’s capital is named-1857:

On December 31, 1857, Ottawa was named the capital of Canada by Queen Victoria. This logging town was booming, and was more defensible. The smallness of the town also made it an unlikely target of destruction.

 

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