Posted on 25 April 2012.
There are a number of places that should be visited. These are exquisite, hardly found in other parts of the world. They are also weird as many historians and geologists still do not understand the origins. If you ever have the chance, go visit these places and experience the diversity of the earth we are living on.
1. Salar de Uyuni:
This Bolivian desert is quite different than the other deserts we have been to. The area is defined by its impressive salt structures, active volcanoes and tall cacti islands and geyser flats. The area is 10, 582 square km. The salted crust serves as a source of salt and is rich in lithium. 50% to 70% of the world’s lithium reserves are here.
2. Guanajuato Mummy Museum:
This museum features mummified bodies interred during a cholera outbreak in Guanajuato, Mexico in 1833. The mummies were exhumed in a cemetery between 1865 and 1958 when a law required relatives to pay for burial.
These mummies are unique in many ways. Unlike in Egypt, these mummies were not mummified intentionally. Dry conditions and overcrowded cemeteries caused the mummification. They also inspired legends surrounding a woman who was believed to be buried alive. Legend says she was buried faced down with arms over her facce. No truth has ever been uncovered.
3. Nine Hells of Beppu
Beppu is a city in Japan with 2,800 springs that gush out hot thermal water every day. The city has thus been named the hot-springs capital of Japan. Given their extreme temperatures and unique colors, nine of these springs have been labeled as the hells of Beppu.
The writers in the Edo Period described this as an apocalyptic place where torture through boiling took place. Now it has become an attraction for tourists.
4. McMurdo Dry Valleys:
This is one of few areas in the Antarctica that is not covered by snow or sheets of ice. Summer temperatures are so warm that glacial ice melt, creating streams that feed freshwater lakes that lie at the bottom of the valleys. Unlike Antarctica as a whole, the lakes never freeze and have colonies of bacteria and phytoplankton.
5. Rio Tinto:
The Spanish city is heavily acidic and rich in heavy metals. The deep red color of the water is attributed to the mining population for over 5000 years. The presence of iron-oxidating bacteria and sulfur-oxidating material are thought to be the culprits. This place is still significant as it is the birthplace of the Copper Age and the Bronze Age. The first mines were developed in 3000 B.C. by Iberians and Tartessans.