Top 10 Interesting Things about Mars

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6. The water on Mars

Various channels and landscape formations present on Mars determined numerous scientists to believe that the surface of the Red Planet had been gradually shaped by water, billions of years ago. Still, nobody can offer a clear answer to what happened with all the water on Mars. At this point, the most accepted explanation entails that the water has slowly disappeared into space, which is in fact a plausible justification considering that the Martian atmosphere is extremely thin. However, not everyone is convinced and there are researchers who suggest that large quantities of water are present underneath the surface in both ice and liquid state. The good news is that this question can find an answer with the next rumored NASA mission on Mars.

 

7. The Red Planet has the same land surface as Earth

Even though Mars is basically half the size of our planet, astronomers revealed the fact that it contains 1.1x more habitable surface compared to Earth. Obviously, this assumption is based on the theory that the entire span of a planet has the potential to become habitable for humans. However promising this may sound for a future colonization project, the truth is that even the most hostile settings on Earth are more suitable for life than any given area on Mars. At least so far!

 

8. The Martian meteorites

At this point, scientists confirm the existence of 12 Martian meteorites on Earth, the last one recorded being the one that fell in Morocco in 2011. However, the most interesting and notorious Martian meteorite is the ALH 84001, an astral body astronomers assumed was blasted off from Mars around 16 million years ago and that hit Earth (Antarctica), 3 million years later. The fascination surrounding the meteorite comes from the microscopic bacteria fossils found inside. However, the topic is still controversial.

 

9. The chaotic climate of Mars

Since the Red Planet has similar seasons to Earth, it is only normal to expect temperature variations throughout the Martian year. The surprise of this element as well as the inner-annual patterns observed comes from the fact that Mars does not oceans, one of the main factors that dictate the predictability of weather on Earth. Yet, if a meteorological phenomenon were to occur on Mars, chances are that it will repeat the next year in that exact location and the same date.

 

10. The totally distinct Martian hemispheres

The Northern and Southern hemispheres of Mars are so distinct that you can classify them as two different planets: while the Southern one contains a lot of crater and a high elevation, the Northern counterpart is bizarrely smooth. So far, the only explanation for this oddity is that of a collision with an astral body the size of Pluto.

 

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