Nuclear winter better known as the atomic winter is a theoretical climatic effect of nuclear war. It is hypothesized that exploding large numbers of nuclear weapons has a weighty and severe effect on the climate and results in cold winter weather and reduced sunlight for a period of months or even years, especially inflammable targets such as cities, where large amounts of smoke and dirt would be expelled into the Earth’s stratosphere.
Background Info: During the Cold War a nuclear exchange between the two superpowers—the United States and the former Soviet Union—was projected to result in a “nuclear winter.”
In the worst case scenario, hundreds of nuclear explosions spark huge fires, whose smoke, dust, and ash blot out the sun for weeks amongst a milieu of perilous radiation levels. Much of humanity ultimately would dies of starvation and disease.
Today, with the United States the only standing superpower, nuclear winter is little more than a nightmare that it saw during the Cold War. A nuclear war remains a very real threat—for between developing-world nuclear powers, including Indian and Pakistan and between newly developing countries like Iran and the United States,
To test the effects of nuclear fallout, scientists from NASA and other institutions modeled a war involving a hundred Hiroshima-level bombs, each packing the equivalent of 15,000 tons of TNT. Researchers forecast horrifying resulting, including fires which would kick up roughly five million metric tons of black carbon into the upper part of the troposphere – the lowest layer of the Earth’s atmosphere.
This top 10 list examines 10 places to escape to in case there is a nuclear winter.
1. Pitcairn Islands, Madagascar:
Madagascar Islands are a great escape for pathogenic disasters. There are no airports or seaports and is removed enough to survive just about any apocalypse. There is an added bonus: fertile lands, bananas, papayas, breadfruit and sweet potato are plentiful and edible fish are abound. The population right now is just at 50 people.
If you are a history major, you would remember reading about Hitler analyzing and weighing the Madagascar Plan, which sought to send Jews to Madagascar.
2. Moscow, Russia:
The Underground Command Post. Built in 1951, this very secret bunker served as the main artery for communication for the Soviet Union in the event of a nuclear war with the United States. It was built to survive direct hits and ensure that normal telecommunications in the worst case scenario is still active.
It’s so well cloaked that anyone can pass by this building many times and would never guess that such a place exists. Upon entry you are issued an id with a picture of yourself in a gas mask. This is just the beginning. You pass by an incredible 6 ton concrete door which slide open to reveal a small set of stairs, which go down. And down. And down further there is the Command Post.
3. Bugarach, France:
If the legend is true and the southern French town of Bugarach is the only place to hide then by all means go there to save yourselves. Conspiracy theorists believe that the upside down mountain offers protection against end of the world. You never know what will happen, especially after the failed doomsday theories.
4. Mt. Rtanj, Serbia:
This is supposedly the place to be according to some cult weirdoes. A local legend has it that the mountain once swallowed an evil sorcerer who was supposed to be released on doomsday in a ball of fire. This makes it one of the ideal locations for cult weirdos to survive a nuclear winter.
5. Svalbard, Norway:
If there were to be a Nuclear War, you may want to hang out near Svalbard Global Seed Vault in the Arctic Svalbard archipelago. The plant life was designed to be protected from a global catastrophe. You may, however, want to start with plants that are native to Svalbard.
6. Izmailovsky, Russia:
No.2 brings us to No. 6. The first Stalin’s bunker was constructed at the beginning of WWII and served as an artery in case there was a nuclear war. This bunker is located on the outskirts of Izmailova market. There was another one built during the cold war and is located in the center of Moscow and it is called the Underground Command Post Tagansky.
Essentially Stalin’s bunker was built by Stalin to use in the event Hitler succeeded in taking down Moscow. Since Hitler never did, the bunker was not really used. I have been told that little of the furniture or decorations are actually original. Actually it is rather something striking to look at, so if you happen to be in the Izmailovksy area, you might check it out.
7. Yukon Territory, Canada:
This territory in northwestern Canada has a number of natural resources and a population density that’s less than one person per square km. It has an abundance of water, fish, and game for everyone and a network of rivers traveling through. There are no military targets on its back and is subject to minimal regulation and influence; making it the best location to survive a nuclear holocaust.
8. Northern Idaho, USA:
This is one of the most popular destinations for survivalists. It has more wilderness areas than all other states combined and a very low population density and even little gun laws and the lowest crime rates.
A bunker looking building at Will Rogers Park is being built in Oklahoma City. Home buyers are preparing for any type of disaster and are boosting the house marketing in the north Idaho city as a result.
9. Perth, Australia:
Perth is one of the most remote cities in the world, third to Auckland and Honolulu. For years, it has been a safe haven from Cold War threats and was first colonized by British settlers in 1829. The city was not connected to the rest of Australia until a train was built in 1917. The rich resources and variety of climates make this city ideal for survival.
10. Bouvet Island:
Bouvet Island is an uninhabited and small Norwegian island in the South Atlantic Ocean. It lies at coordinates 54°26′S 3°24′E. The closest land is the uninhabited Queen Maud Land, Antarctica, over 1,600 km away. The nearest populated lands are Tristan da Cunha, 2,260 km away and South Africa, is 2,580 km away.
There are many other cities, which could be considered safe havens for nuclear winters. If you beg to differ in argument, be sure to comment.