Posted on 12 July 2013.
Phobia i.e. fear, an extreme or irrational fear of or aversion to something for ex-he had a phobia about height or being under water. A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder. It is a strong, irrational fear of something that poses little or no real danger. Phobias generally start in children or teens, and continue into adulthood. There are many specific phobias, people suffer with phobias try to avoid when they come across what they are afraid of. According to National Institute of Mental health, 60% of people suffer from that phobia that will never take place, 30% people suffer from that phobia that happened in the past and can’t be changed, 90% of people suffer from that phobia that are considered to be insignificant issues, whereas 88% of people have feared the things which are in relation to health that will not happen. The full list of phobias is almost limitless, consisting of anything that someone could fear. However, some phobias are more common than other. Here are the most common specific phobias.
Glossophobia may be defined as a very specific form of stage fright or speech anxiety which is the fear of speaking in public. Most confident people have experienced some degree of nervousness or anxiety when they have to give a speech, presentation, or perform on stage. In fact, some experts estimate that as much as 75% of the population has some level of anxiety regarding public speaking. Of course, many people are able to manage and control the fear. The common symptoms and signs of glossophobia includes, sweating, increased heart rate, dry mouth. Various treatment options are available to treat glossophobia. Therapies such as hypnosis, meditation or psychotherapy can be quite beneficial in helping to overcome glossophobia. I too suffer from Glossophobia.
Necrophobia or the fear of the dead is a psychological status when you feel afraid of death or maybe you are afraid of dead things. The feeling is indeed uncanny. You cannot explain that feeling, which you experience when you stand before a mummy or a corpse. This phobia is indeed dangerous. It may developed after you saw someone dying or an ugly dead thing before you. You may have gone through lots of emotional trauma then. According to National Institute of Mental science about 68% of population suffer from this phobia, this is one of the most common phobia. Like all phobias, necrophobia is an irrational fear. It is different from a simple worry about death or anxious wonders about what happens when a person dies. Therapists can use a number of techniques to help a person overcome the aspects of this phobia that prevent him or her from living a normal life but there is no one size fit all treatment.
According to National Institute of Mental science about 30.5% of total population suffers from arachnophobia i.e. the fear of spiders and other arachnids such as scorpions. It is one of the most common specific phobia, those who suffered from this phobia will go to great extent to ensure that they are not exposed to spiders. Symptoms of acrachnophobia can be seen when you see spider either you will ran away or freezing in place. Like all specific phobias, arachnophobia is most commonly treated through therapy, particularly cognitive-behavioural techniques. Antidepressant or anti-anxiety medications may also be used. Some newer research has shown that virtual reality therapy, in which the sufferer is exposed to virtual representations of spiders, may work as well as the older technique of gradually exposing the client to live spiders.
Achluophobia is also known as Myctophobia, Scotophobia or Nyctophobia which is an abnormal fear of darkness. This type of phobia is often seen in children, women & young people. This is one of the most common phobia found in children, it is less common in adults. Symptoms of Achluophobia includes, is lost mental balance. Other symptoms might include an irregular heartbeat, sleepless nights, weight loss, disability to do routine activities, and the inability to speak and think properly. About 11% of population suffer from this type of phobia. This can be treated, treatment includes a case where you will be required to sit in the darkness and witness this disorder
Acrophobia is the extreme or irrational fear of heights. Acrophobia sufferers can experience a panic attack in a high place and become too agitated to get themselves down safely. Symptoms can include feeling like you will fall or jump off the edge, panic attacks, dizzy spells and feeling faint. According to National Institute of Mental Science about 10% of population suffer from acrophobia, women are more in no. than man. Symptoms of acrophobia can include feeling like you will fall or jump off the edge and panic attack. Taking therapy can be useful, this would include exposure therapy to overcome from this phobia. But the brain learn more from experience than therapy.