In the present time when the countries are developing and people are advancing in terms of health and medicines, no country can afford to be left behind in these fields. But in some countries because of the economic development is very poor they cannot make the environment that clean and are not able to provide good food. Even they get some funds by international organizations and other big countries they are not able to provide healthy living conditions to their subjects. Health does not only means physical fitness, but the social and environmental health and to some extent mental health too is also considered. In some big countries the rural areas are very unhealthy. If not in rural than there are slums in urban area which are environmentally very unhealthy. In some countries people are full of diseases which can be treated but there are no such medicines like flues. And diseases which cannot be treated like HIV. Some of the places may seem unhygienic but the people are in good condition like in villages. So here are the unhealthiest countries, some of them you may not have heard of because they are too small and all are present in Africa and are not that popular.
This country was known as Nyasa land. In this country infant mortality rates are very high. And as usual in Africa HIV infected people are in abundance. Life expectancy is 50 years. There are about 70000 deaths in a year due to HIV. And the main subject to think upon is this that about 250. people are getting infected every day. Which means that there is very less awareness among the people. It is sad to know that government spends 100000$ to do funeral of the civil servants who dies of this disease. Except this there are diseases like typhoid, malaria and diarrhea in the country. Madonna also started a program raising Malawi to give financial help to the sufferers. They are trying o counter HIV but have failed to decrease the maternal mortality rate. They have made many free hospitals for the sufferers.
At first Zimbabwe was very successful in giving good sanitation facilities, medicines and providing health care. But in 2000 there was an economic crisis. Then at that time only the HIV endemic was caused worsting the situation in Zimbabwe. When all the factors were against the country the downfall started. That is why now Zimbabwe has one of the lowest life expediencies in the world that is 43. The infant mortality rate is now 12%. The economic downfall resulted in the closing of many hospitals and dispensaries and those hospitals were major ones. Those which were opened were not able to supply the medicines. Then there was political instability worsening the situation. Cholera is also spread which makes all the factors against Zimbabwe. Not even pure water was available to people what to ask about the food. There was then an emergency situation and international aid was provided.
In this country of Africa the infant mortality rate is 100 per 1000 infants and the fertility rate is 5 births per woman. As proper medical facilities rate not applied the maternal mortality rate became 550 per 100000 births. So the Mozambique government is trying to control the maternal deaths. 12% of the population has AIDS which is lower as compared to the neighboring countries. The fertility rate is 5.4 births per women. The government is taking good steps to improve the health of the people as they spend 42$ per ca pita in a year which is more as compared o other African countries. Over 88% of the population was given vaccination. About 11% budget is targeted here. Many NGOs are also helping Mozambique.
This is another country which is critically affected by HIV. It is having the highest rate of HIV in the world. 25% of the people are suffering from HIV. It has 4th lowest life expectancy. About 60% of all the deaths are caused by HIV only. Cancer and heart diseases cause very few deaths as compared to HIV. Tuberculosis is also a big problem. In 2004 39% pregnant women had HIV and this ensured that their children could also be having HIV. The country is doing lots of efforts to improve their conditions. The public expenditure was 4% of GDP and 2.3% was private. Infant mortality rate was 70 per 1000 kids with giving 16 doctors per 100000 persons.
The infant mortality rate is very high that is 8.1%. There are less number of doctors that is 5 physicians for 10000 people. But the main problem is not the disease but the HIV/AIDS here. Many people here are affected by AIDS. The prevalence of HIV is one of the highest in the world that is about 24% which is a very high rate. It is little low in rural areas but in urban area every 1 of 2 ladies is infected by HIV. The life expectancy was 42 years. The country is working on this issue and is doing every possible thing to save the subjects. They have started many programs which tell the people how to prevent it. The transmission of HIV from mother to child has been stopped partially. It is a very good achievement by the country. Bill Clinton and Bill Gates went to Lesotho so that they could assess their fight against this disease. This epidemic is declining in the country. Many international organizations are also lending Lesotho a helping hand.