India has a great history since ages; it includes all the epic events that happened on this auspicious land of Asian continent. It includes events like Ramayana, Mahabharata. Mogul rulers, Portuguese, French and the British rule and many foreigners ruled for years here. India was once known as “Golden Bird” that is very rich country, but as it was ruled and invaded by many foreigners, it lost much wealth and most importantly “Freedom”. The Indians struggled for independence from many decades and by many efforts of national heroes India achieved independence in 1947. But some important events that took place while going through this struggle are unforgettable! Getting freedom was never easy for this nation because of many religions residing together in one nation. As there is still concept that a nation should have one religion to be strong and to be a country, but this obstacle also got banished by some events that took place by which the people understood that whatever maybe the religion but every person in that country was striving for freedom and hence, these important events and the common history brought all the people together and finally India got freedom.
1. Missile Launches and Green Revolution (20th century)
India has some historic significance that took place after its independence which led the country to new way of Development in field of technology and nuclear energy. The successful invention of great missiles like “Prithvi” (1, 2, and 3) and the powerful Agni versions made a very high place for India in international arena. Also as India’s 69% of population is still based on agriculture, there was need to enhance it and this was done by M.S.Swaminathan introducing Green revolution.
2. Babri Masjid or Mosque Case (1992)
It was a very important event that happened in Indian history which taught people that how can the base of religion dispute of Hindu and Muslim in India can destroy Kindness and humanity of people. The dispute arose, as previously a Mughal emperor “Mir Banki” destroyed a temple of Hindu god “Lord Rama” and built a mosque named after Emperor Babar as “Babri Masjid” in the place called Ayodhya which is lord Rama’s birth place. This issue was taken up strongly by Bhartiya Janata Party (B.J.P) which is a political party in India as to win in elections. But as the religious sentiments were aroused of the people, riots were created and the mosque was been demolished by the people’s itself and more than 20,000 innocent people lost their lives in this dispute which mostly included Muslims.
3. Golden Temple Assault (1984)
The Golden Temple situated at Amritsar is a temple of Sikh community. The military assault that took place on the temple complex led to loss of many innocent lives and also aroused violent dispute between Indian government and the Sikh community worldwide. Thousands of Sikhs came on roads to fight back the military soldiers. This was the outcome of the Indian military operation ordered by Prime minister of India, Indira Gandhi which was known as “Operation Blue Star”. It took place between 3 to 8th of June in the year 1984. This was undertook to bring out Jarnial Singh Bhindranwale who was accused to start major uprising of armed weapons and kept it in the sacred place of golden temple which is objectionable. Moreover he had made his own headquarters in the temple. Afterwards the dispute remained on the hot phase which resulted in Assassination of Indira Gandhi by her own two Sikh Bodyguards.
4. Framing of Constitution (1950)
Our constitution is a written one and framed by our leaders from which the main was Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar. India is known to be world’s biggest democracy. This constitution was set into force from 26th January, 1950. This was really an auspicious day for all Indians which made us proud and by which we still survive as one country in this whole diverse cultures and religions. The Indian constitution keeps us together and that’s what we respect about it.
5. Partition of India & Pakistan (1947)
It was a very hard decision for congress to take this decision. Mahatma Gandhi never wanted India to be divided in two parts on the base of religions that is Hindu and Muslim but Jinnah didn’t agree and had great demands. It was the event after independence were people were killing each other due to religion difference and so mahatma Gandhi had to take this decision of partition of India and Pakistan in 1945 and so we have Independence Day of Pakistan on 14th august and that of India on 15th august. This also led to the dispute of Kashmir between the two countries on which still both the countries are fighting.