Top 10 Diseases Caused by Polluted Water

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“Time destroys the speculation of men, but it confirms the judgment of nature”- Marcus Tullius Cicero

Nature is benevolent and graceful to her children. One such precious gift is the colorless liquid, water that itself is a bestowal to our generation. But do we really care for our coming generation! Do we really wish to keep our future children left untouched by the boon!

The heavenly abode has been transformed and mistreated in such a way that the nature that was once worshipped has been provoked to become a place of menace. The rate of pollution is increasing at an alarming rate with very few corrective measures being taken. New pathogens are genetically born giving rise to new diseases.

Water pollution is rising globally! An estimate shows that more the 2 million people die every year due to water pollution. The urbanization and industrialization has led to the holy water bodies being reduced to storage of human feces and pollutants. The waste and toxic chemicals that are excreted by the industries have led to many pathogens and disease causing microorganisms. The mismanaged and the underdeveloped sewage system has led to many diseases. More vulnerable in this case are underdeveloped and developing countries.  Up to 90% of waste water in developing countries flows untreated into rivers , lakes, and highly productive coastal zones, threatening health, food security.

The major diseases caused due to water pollution are listed below. A major contributor of organic water pollutant are food sector, fertilizers, and human wastes. A huge chunk of government’s treasure is spent on the treatment for survival of its subject.

 

1. Polio

Polio

This is one of the worst diseases that can happen. This is caused by a poliovirus, which is highly contagious virus specific to humans. Polio can lead to paralysis or death of the sufferer. The transmission takes place due to infected water. Polio vaccines are given to children to prevent this deadly disease as no cure is available for Polio. Millions of people, especially children , pregnant women and the ones whose immune system is very weak are vulnerable to this disease.

 

2. Arsenicosis

Arsenicosis

Arsenicosis , is term referring to increased levels of arsenic and lead in the human body caused to polluted water. This long term exposure to arsenic can lead to cancer, and malfunctioning of vital organs like lungs, intestine and stomach. Millions of people are under the danger of arsenic poisoning as the municipality water public use, is feared to have increased levels of arsenic.

 

3. Diarrhea

Diarrhea

This is the most infamous and common disease, the world faces and it is caused due to infected consumption of water. The patient suffers from watery excreta consequently resulting in dehydration and loss of salt and minerals from the body.  Diarrhea is caused by a variety of microorganisms especially virus, bacteria, protozoans. About 4 billion cases of diarrhea per year cause 1.8 million deaths, over which 90% are children less than 5 years. A simple act of washing hands and simple hygiene can prevent this disease.

 

4. Schistosomiasis

Schistosomiasis

This horrible and life taking disease is caused by a parasite belonging to the genus Schistosoma. This disease can impair children’s growth and lead to chronic illness. Individuals within developing countries who cannot afford clean water suffer from this problem. At many stages of life, worms and eggs survive in fresh water snails, water and human hosts. People who come in contact with this infected water are prone to get affected as these parasites penetrate the human body while swimming, washing clothes or bathing in the contaminated water. Around 200 million people are infected with schistosomiasis out of which 20 million people suffer unfortunate consequences as their liver, gallbladder, lungs and intestine are badly damaged.

 

5. Malaria

Malaria

It is one of most common diseases for people living near stagnant water lodging , tanks breeding mosquitoes and uncovered pits. These areas serve as a prominent location for multiplication of mosquitoes. The mosquitoes carry a parasite with them which causes malaria when humans are bitten by them. Many people die and suffer due to this disease. High fever and vomiting are common symptoms for a patient suffering malaria accompanied by shivering.  Around 300 million cases are registered for malaria and I million children die sue to improper medication facility and hygienic environment. It is imperative to have clean environment with covered water holdings.

 

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