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Top 10 Lists » Health & Lifestyle http://top-10-list.org Top ten news, articles, videos, media, advices, songs, companies or just about anything that fits into top 10. Wed, 17 Dec 2014 23:29:57 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Top 10 Outdated Medical Treatments http://top-10-list.org/2014/10/14/top-10-outdated-medical-treatments/ http://top-10-list.org/2014/10/14/top-10-outdated-medical-treatments/#comments Tue, 14 Oct 2014 09:28:40 +0000 http://top-10-list.org/?p=49991

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There are advancements in every field. And these have proved to be a stepping stone to the development of the world. In the medical field, there has been an immense development since the early times. In the days of yore, patients were transported from one place to another by specially designed tri-cycles. Various surgical instruments proved to have more purpose than safety. Instruments made of solid iron many times rusted and caused infections and other such complications. However, in today, in this modern era, an immense and rapid development in all aspects in the medical fields has proved to be beneficiary and has simply increased the average life-span of humans.

How about we take a sneak peek at a few medical treatments and therapies that are no longer in practice today in most parts of the world? The following lists 10 outdated medical treatments.

1.Cocaine to the rescue

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The feeling that one gets when that when those drugs travel through one’s veins and instantly reaches the “stress-reliever” part of the brain, is somewhat heavenly. But little does he/she know the harm it causes to the body. However, disregarding this fact, it was used as an excellent medical treatment to cure various ailments and disorders.

Back in the nineteenth century, people were either too busy (or too lazy) to do even the most basic of tasks, like applying a balm to headaches or even answering nature’s calls. The most affected in this way were the mothers of the nineteenth century. They found it difficult in managing a toddler and or even to baby-sit them. So, they easily fell prey to a novel way that these people came up with especially for problems like these. Syrup containing select soothing ingredients quickly put the baby to sleep, solving most of the problems. Actually, it was a bottle that contained as much narcotics it could contain. A special bottle containing all the known narcotics was administered to the babies to help them fall asleep. It did work on many situations, while on others, proved to be fatal. In those days, people were unaware of the bad effects that drugs like these on the body when taken regularly. In the long run however, it was found that this syrup contained morphine sulphate, chloroform, powdered opium, heroin, and a few other such drugs that are now made illegal.  In many cases, the toddlers and others who ingested them were found to be dead the next morning and many such cases were booked in the period this method lasted. It naturally went out of practice. Another outdated medical treatment.

2.Maggot debridement therapy

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This treatment would stand out among the gross lists of therapies followed in the past. It is a known fact that maggots feed on dead and decaying matter. Back in those days, this was used to treat open wounds, blisters, etc.  It is otherwise known as the larva therapy and involves the use of maggots. The maggot larvae are applied to the unhealed wound and are covered by a special dressing that is to be kept as such without any disturbance for a couple of days. This is to prevent external infection to the open wound and to prevent migration of the larvae. The larvae gradually eat up the dead skin cells surrounding the wound and would also prevent further infections from spreading. Thus it enhances the speed of the wound getting healed. It does not hurt much but may cause a tingling feeling to the patient under-going. Many would not prefer this, just for the fact that having something alive eating away your wound sounded disgusting.

3.Electrical Impotence technique

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Impotence in men was a major problem even in the ancient world. Back then, an impotent man was considered socially weak and was side-lined. An impotent man literally meant embarrassment for the person back then. However, with the invention of electricity, the world in every aspect glowed bright, literally. By the early nineteenth century, when the properties and uses of electricity was known to man, the researches and doctor were eager to test its effect on the human body. They soon came up with the idea that electrifying certain region of the body would redeem its activity. When it was found that the brain sent out electric pulses to all parts of the body as a result of which they respond and behave like they are supposed to or as desired, a lack of activity meant that the electric pulses were improperly or disorderly sent to that region. So, they came up with a device that looked more like a belt worn by horses, known as a bride. The belt was worn around the waist and it sent out electric pulses that, for a first time wearer would make him shout of pain. This method was believed to cure one of impotency, but was short lived.

4.Trepanation Treatment

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If blood-letting seemed gross, then this technique would go a scale higher. It was during those days when medicine was in the stone-ages and man believed that it as the work of evil spirits possessing the unfortunate making him sick. So, techniques were designed with these in mind and most of them had absolutely no scientific explanation to it. This method was used for most inter-cranial disorders and those ailments related to the head. In this method, with the help of a special instrument, a hole was drilled into the skull of the patient to expose the grey matter inside. It was also believed that the evil spirit trapped into the patient’s body would become free and would escape out, thus leaving the patient, cured of the disease. So, this technique was often followed up by rituals aimed at driving out the evil spirit or at beckoning the good spirits for help. True to the fact that drilling a hole into your head sounds deadly, it did claim many lives and the people at that time, believed that it was the work of the evil spirits, who had taken revenge by taking the life of the unfortunate patient.

Trepanation was also a type of surgery and those wounded in the head got their broken bones mended by this method. Today, doctors use a much modified and safer version that is medically termed, “craniotomy”. It is used for neurological procedures and has a higher success rate than trepanation.

5.Treatment using Mercury

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We use this element as an essential constituent in thermometers. However, it has been found that Mercury was in use much before man had found its use as a thermometer.  Man has always been fascinated by this one element just for its properties by which it does not stick to any surface and it natural luster, because of which many thought it was precious. In the medical field however, mercury finds an important use. This liquid metal though known to us now that it is highly toxic was actually ingested to treat various ailments, by the ancient civilizations. Administered in small quantities, it was used in the treatment of chest pains, heart and liver problems, muscle spasms and almost every ailment in the book. It was believed to be among the most important elements by the ancient traditions and was considered celestial, a gift from the gods themselves. Rewind back a century and you would be considered weak if you did not have a small quantity of this liquid metal in your body. However, true to its toxic nature, ingestion of mercury claimed many lives in the past, but because of the lack of knowledge back then, people blamed it on their lifestyle and the deceased itself, saying that he/she was too weak by nature. However, it did do some good in the many years it served as a popular treatment. It was used in the treatment of STD’s (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) and evidence has it that it did prove to be very effective. It had somewhere around 50% success rate but, drastically reduced the life-span of those treated.

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Top 10 Life Experience a Student Learns in College http://top-10-list.org/2014/10/14/top-10-life-experience-a-student-learns-in-college-2/ http://top-10-list.org/2014/10/14/top-10-life-experience-a-student-learns-in-college-2/#comments Tue, 14 Oct 2014 08:45:35 +0000 http://top-10-list.org/?p=49917

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Before you get distracted by all these descriptions, let me tell you that college is also a time of learning and experiencing things you could never have imagined. You are put in situations and circumstances which require to change your priorities and erase your boundaries, still not forgetting to make rational decisions. Not to scare you, but in the midst of this rat race you must also never lose track of what your goals are and who you want to be in the long run. Sounds like a huge challenge, doesn’t it?

Here’s a list of top 10 life experiences a student gets to have during his or her college life.

1. Believe in yourself

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Lastly, but most importantly, it is necessary to never let go of your ambitions, your career goals, your dreams and you. In this college life madness, you tend to lose out on a lot of friends and personality attributes in order to be socially accepted by the peer group. You must never compromise on your principles and trust your gut instincts and intuition. Believe that you are the best, and be bold enough to show it to the rest of the world!

2. Street smart setting

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Wanting to gain knowledge about getting work done from people with the least effort possible? That’s called being street smart, or what in India is known as “jugaad”. This small little skill is not exactly a life experience, but it helps from the point of view of giving you a competitive edge vis-a-vis your peer group. To be able to successfully negotiate someone to your advantage is a skill hugely coveted by many.

3. Confidence, courage and communication

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Also known as the three C’s of entrepreneurship, these attributes will take you far in life, even if you’re not going into a commerce background. Learning how to tackle the not-so-friendly college professors with the utmost diligence just for that extra mark in your internals is an experience you can gain solely from college. This will get you the confidence which will greatly benefit you in the long run!

4.  Work hard, party harder

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Driven to succeed and compete in every aspect of life, the fresh high school graduates are keen to make it Zuckerberg-big at a young agee. College isn’t just about hard work and getting ahead in the rat race. It’s about enjoying life at large, and learning to sometimes let go of situations which are beyond one’s control. It’s also important to enjoy yourself once in a while, as some students become so career oriented and chasing their goals that they forget what college life memories are really all about. The friends, the gossip, the eating out, the partying, and even the bunking!

5. Choices, choices everywhere

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As elaborated earlier, choices are plentiful and abundant during college years. There’s a lot to choose from, but what’s important is the choice you make. Do not lose perspective of what you really want in the long run, and always keep that in mind whenever you have to make some tricky choices. Ditch that newly released movie hitting the theatres this Friday to work for your classroom presentation sometimes. If you’re overworked, take a break and do the opposite instead. But assess your options well!

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Top 10 Foods to avoid When Pregnant http://top-10-list.org/2014/09/16/top-10-foods-to-avoid-when-pregnant/ http://top-10-list.org/2014/09/16/top-10-foods-to-avoid-when-pregnant/#comments Tue, 16 Sep 2014 08:13:21 +0000 http://top-10-list.org/?p=49775

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Even if you have always had iron in your stomach, pregnancy can weakens the immune system and makes you more accessible to food – borne illnesses which could actually make you sick and can also harm your baby. When you are pregnant, there are certain hormones and some of these will trigger the cravings for food, but you must stick to safe and low bacteria foods. However many people will argue that a pregnant woman has license to eat whatever they want. A well – balanced and a healthy diet is very important during pregnancy so that you and your unborn baby can be more healthy. I am going to tell you about top ten food that you should avoid during pregnancy

1. FOODS THAT SPOIL QUICKLY :-

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You should avoid food which has mayo in it such as macaroni salad, potato salad and these should be eaten with carefulness. If you are going to eat these dishes outside for dinner or lunch then these can be quickly spoil without any refrigeration. You can save these when you are eating at your home.
If you start feeding your baby best, when he/she is still in your belly then it will be like to give your cute baby the best start possible. It is only a short period of time in which you will have to avoid these dishes. Once your baby is born and you are finished nursing then the world is yours and you can start eating whatever you want.

2.  ALCOHOL AND DRUGS :-

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Well, you should know this, during pregnancy, doing drugs can cause a number from problems from birth to even birth defects. During pregnancy intake of excessive alcohol can also cause problems like increasing the risk of still birth or fetal alcohol syndrome. According to some new research, intake of moderate alcohol can have negative effects on your children later in his life.

3.  HERBAL TEA :-

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It can be a quite surprise for you but you should avoid herbal tea too,  as the impact on the baby in your belly of herbal teas is yet not clear whether it is good for you or not so avoiding herbal teas should be best idea for you. You can choose to drink decaf black, green or white tea or tea with familiar herbs like mint, chamomile or verbena.

4. UNPASTEURIZED FOODS AND DRINKS :-

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Stay away from juices and fruits which are not pasteurized. The process of pasteurization heats juices and milk to a certain temperature which kills micro – organisms without even changing the product so you should always stick to pasteurized products.

5.  LIVER :-

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Well, this one should be easy for you to avoid. Liver such as liver sausages* or liver pate,  contains a very high level of Vitamin – A and it is not recommended during pregnancy as it can harm your baby., it will be best if you stay away from liver.

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Top 10 Most Beautiful American Women http://top-10-list.org/2014/09/03/top-10-most-beautiful-american-women/ http://top-10-list.org/2014/09/03/top-10-most-beautiful-american-women/#comments Wed, 03 Sep 2014 09:09:46 +0000 http://top-10-list.org/?p=49625

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United States of America has a lot of beautiful things, say it beautiful tourist spots, beautiful people or beautiful and world famous celebrities. Name the most beautiful people from any field, American women would definitely make it to the list. Sports stars, pop singers and sports person top the beauty list category. Most American women have stolen hearts of many men all over the world. Some stayed an iconic figure in the eyes of people.  Here listing the top ten worshiped American women:

1. Marilyn Monroe:

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The all time sex symbol has topped the list today as well. Having gone through a disturbing childhood growing up in foster homes, Marilyn Monroe stayed an enigma for everyone till her death. She had three unsuccessful marriages and a few other affairs. Her popular affair with American President John F Kennedy triggered her overdose of drugs and ultimately her death. A tragic story which when came out of hiding shook the world; a lot has been said about John F Kennedy and Marilyn Monroe affair with many a few people close to John Kennedy claiming he had led to her death. Marilyn died in her early thirties while she was still undergoing psychiatric treatment. She is known to be the first sex symbol and a prominent American lady in 20th century, till date she has left a scar in heart of many men who still admire her beauty. Very interesting biographies and books are published about Marilyn Monroe and her life history. She was also featured in few magazines listing top 10 mistresses. Her sensual and bold personality can hypnotize and beat other actresses till date.

2. Jessica Alba:

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Jessica Alba is a Model, Actress and Business women who began her career at the age of 13 in The secret world of Alex and Camp Nowhere. She gained her popularity with TV sitcom Dark Angel. Since then she has been voted as a sex symbol and most desirable woman in many places. She was featured in Maxim, Ask men’s.com, TV guide. She had filed a lawsuit against “The Playboy” magazine that used her image on the magazine cover

3. Angelina Jolie:

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Angelina Jolie is famous for her talent as well as beauty. She has been nicknames Angie by tabloids, which came to fame with Hackers. Her other famous roles include Gia, Tomb Raider, Girl Interrupted. She was named the most beautiful actress many a times, her irresistible lips, eyes and legs have made her an international sex icon. She came into controversy after marrying Brad Pitt with whom she has three gorgeous babies. Also she gave life to three more adopted children. She is known to be a sorted after women with a generous heart.

4. Beyonce Knowles:

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Beyonce started her career in music as a lead singer of the band “Destiny’s Child” which is a girl’s band, it sold 50 million copies all over the world. “Dangerously in love”, which is her first solo album, won five Grammy accolades. Till date she has 17 Grammy awards to her name.

5. Julia Roberts:

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Julia Roberts is adored because of her Mona Lisa smile. Julia Roberts is one of the most acclaimed actresses in Hollywood till today. She has been 11 times winner in a list of 50 most beautiful women of the world. Her most renowned movies are Pretty Women, Erin Brokovich, Notting Hill and My Best Friend’s wedding. She is today happily married and a mother of three beautiful children.

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Top 10 Foods Edible after an Incredible Length of Time http://top-10-list.org/2014/08/20/top-10-foods-edible-after-an-incredible-length-of-time/ http://top-10-list.org/2014/08/20/top-10-foods-edible-after-an-incredible-length-of-time/#comments Wed, 20 Aug 2014 08:26:07 +0000 http://top-10-list.org/?p=49533

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People get the most cautious when it comes to food. Most of us are very careful of not letting them out for a long time, consume them before the expiry date of the food approaches, and be careful of not wasting and throwing away food. Most parental and elderly concerns are undoubtedly on the nutrition and health level of the food if not eaten within a specific amount of time. Even if it gets five days for a loaf of bread, people would try getting rid of its on the sixth day praying and hoping that they don’t suffer with a grumbling stomach with just that one extra day of eating a left over bread. It’s not just a matter of bread, but one would be surprised to know the types and kinds of food people can eat and remain edible after a long period of time, and by this I do not mean days or week but months and years. People would certainly doubt the edibility of the food after a certain period of time, but believe it or not, various types of food items last longer than what we can actually think of. There are certain types of food which do not rot or get spoilt on consuming it after years as they are perfectly edible and healthy to eat. Here is a list of the top 10 foods edible after an incredibly long length of time, without any issues of stomach grumbling and diarrhea of course.

1. Animals eaten after 50,000 years

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People also take a bite of animals which were extinct more than 50,000 years ago, such as Mammoth corpses. The flesh of these animal corpses stayed edible because of them lying in areas covered in permafrost. Travelers have also been confirmed taking a bite of this really old flesh which is edible and also free of disease and sickness. Apart from this, some paleontologists cooked and ate a dish made of the marrow of a 50,000 year old horse bone. Also, some researchers were also known to have cooked and ate a piece of meat from a 36,000 year old bison corpse.

2. Honey after 1000 years

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Honey apparently last forever, which has been pointed out by Smithsonian Institute. Honey’s acidic nature and its quality of being hygroscopic makes the honey form the least moisture, thus keeping it good and safe to eat and consume even after 1000 years. Moreover, scientists have also found edible pots of honey found amongst the dead 500 year old mummies in Egyptian tombs.

3. Wine after 100 years

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People pay exorbitant amounts to have the oldest and the finest wine possible. In 2010, some Finnish divers found 200 year old bottles of champagne and beer. After testing and tasting, the champagne bottles were declared to be perfectly fine for consumption. It was also noted and pointed out that champagne bottles stored under the sea remain in a better condition rather than being kept in wine cellars.

4. The 125 year old cake

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Science says that under right conditions, fruitcakes could last forever. Proving this point, Fidelia Bates had baked a regular fruitcake for Thanksgiving in 1878. She died before the holiday, and her family preserved the cake under a plastic cover. In 2003, Fidelia’s 83 year old grandson sent this fruitcake to Jay Leno at the Tonight Show, where Leno took a bit of it and suffered no ill consequences.

5. 64 year old can of Lard

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Lard is basically animal fat which can usually be used in cooking, or can also be eaten raw or with bread. A German food expert Hans Feldmeier had received a can of lard as a part of care package to Germany from the US in the year 1948, but Hans preserved the lard can until any emergency rose up. No there was no such case of emergencies, the can of lard remained the same for 64 years until one day Hans got into an argument with someone regarding canned food and their expiry dates. In order to win the argument, Hans opened the 64 year old can of lard and ate it, and suffered nothing except for a smelly breath.

6. Chicken eaten after 50 years

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When Les Lialey and Beryl got married, they received a can of chicken as their wedding gift. Instead of opening the can, Les told his new wife that he would eat that can of chicken on their 50th wedding anniversary. The can of chicken stayed and served with him for over 50 years until the day came when Les opened the can and ate the chicken. There were definitely no complaints on eating the 50 year old canned chicken and Les did not suffer any problems as well.

7. 40 year old Rations

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US Army Colonel Henry Moak, on the day he retired had a piece of a 40 year old cake, to which he put his thumbs up, probably signaling that the cake still tasted like a cake! The Colonel had made a promise that he would eat the 40 year old cake which was issued to him during the Vietnam War on the day of his retirement, and he definitely kept his word. The 40 year old cake was brought to him and without second thoughts or blinking an eye, he ate a piece of the cake and never complained that the cake was inedible.

8. Hardtack

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Hardtack is a type of a cracker which has been in use by the soldiers and sailors, as these crackers can be stored for years and years, though the exact number of years is not known. These crackers are made out of water, flour and salt and are made as hard as possible so that they retain the same freshness and taste even after few years. The Hardtack cracker is mostly associated with the Civil War, and this cracker could be eaten by adding it to water, coffee or even whiskey.

9. Battle Butties

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The Battle Butties is a sandwich which remains fresh even after two years. Especially made for the military personnel who had deep problems with feeding themselves with stale and long period frozen foods, scientists had found the Battle Butties which could be preserved for more than two years and yet it will still remain and look fresh and thus people can eat it. Soldiers have got nothing but just good things to say about these two year old sandwiches, which apparently taste good equal to how they look fresh.

10. Kiviaq

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The Kiviaq is certainly not attractive and definitely not tasty as such, but it is edible. People can tolerate eating this 18 months stored food item called Kiviaq, which is made by inserting as many sea birds as possible into a seal carcass. The seal skin is then sewed up and stored under rocks. This food stays edible and people can eat and consume it even after 18 months of storing it underground. The Kiviaq was made to cope with the food scarcity during the winter months in Greenland. The most interesting fact about this food is that even after leaving it stored out for more than a year, this food can be eaten and consumed by people without a trouble.



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Top 10 Bizarre Things you should Know about Sausage http://top-10-list.org/2014/08/20/top-10-bizarre-things-you-should-know-about-sausage/ http://top-10-list.org/2014/08/20/top-10-bizarre-things-you-should-know-about-sausage/#comments Wed, 20 Aug 2014 08:26:06 +0000 http://top-10-list.org/?p=49532

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Sausages, also known as bangers by the British, are consumed by millions of people all over the world. Call it chicken or pork sausages, people love having a bite of these long sized and tasty food. There is not one country in the world where sausages are not loved and almost worshipped, such is the fan craze of this particular food. Sausages are well known to pep up even normal dishes when they are added to it, and are also enjoyed as a light bite snack every now and then by people. Sausage consumption has grown tremendously over the years with more people and even more restaurants introducing and coming up with more different types and ways of making and cooking sausages. People love sausages and is considered one of the most favourite dishes all over the world. People prefer eating sausages to an extent wherein they cross all limits and boundaries, which then gives birth to some bizarre and exciting facts about sausages. Here is a list of the top 10 bizarre things you should know about the finger licking good sausages!

1. Hairy Sausage

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The inventory of the Hairy Sausage is still unknown, but it first started in Russia and people instantly fell in love with this bizarre looking dish. The hairy sausage definitely looks weird and strange, and would probably even send the creeps down your spine for a few minutes, as the sausages are made by sticking lengths of hard spaghetti into a sausage, and boil it in water. This concept and idea of haired sausage has taken people to resorting to more fun and new experimentation on bald sausages, because the haired sausage might just look shaggy, but it taste wonderful at the end.

2. Sausage fanatic

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Stefan Paladin of New Zealand had created a record of eating the most number of sausages in a minute. He ate a whopping eight whole sausages in one minute at the Ericsson Stadium in Auckland, which means eating one sausage in about seven seconds. Other participants could eat at the most four sausages in a minute, which makes Stefan Paladin’s record eating eight sausages a minute an unbroken and unbeatable one till date.

3. Longest Sausage

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J.J Tranfield of Sheffield, UK, made a Guinness Book of World Records by making the largest sausage in the world, which is a proud 59.14 kilometres long. A person would need to walk 20 hours at a stretch to finish the route along the sausage from its beginning to the end. The record took three days to be complete and remains a record which is still unbroken.

4. Sausage Museum

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The Currywurst Museum in Berlin proudly shows and boasts off the historical and legendary Currywurst, a pork sausage served with spicy curried ketchup. This sausage museum is extremely cool and very unique and different when it comes to comparing it with other historical museums. One can buy sausages and taste different types of pork sausages and suit them according to the sauce which fits their palate. Visitors are also revealed the spices and the origin and history of the particular sausage dish, which actually makes the art of eating and knowing sausages all the more interesting.

5. Sausage Degree

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Germany has become the sausage capital of the world, thanks to the Sausage Academy which has thousands of students coming in from all over the world to learn more about the ideal lagers, mustards and music which would go best with sausages. Till date, this academy has given out 1300 degree certificates to students who successful passed out of the college with greater knowledge and understanding of German sausages. And to add it all, students can ever proceed for a Master’s degree in sausages!

6. Sausage Duel

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The sausage duel has a long legendary story behind it. Otto van Bismark led the German government during the 1860’s and Rudolph Virchow had challenged Bisamark’s authority as he believed that the typhus epidemic was making  people ill, and this epidemic was being caused due to poverty as a result of lack of opportunities and lack of democracy, which was apparently the way Bismark governed the country. So instantly Virchow challenged Bismark saying that Bismark was responsible for the epidemic and thus decided on a duel. Because Virchow was not that a combat when it came to pistols, he chose two sausages he had made for the duel between Bismark and him. One sausage was normal whereas the other one was loaded with deadly Trichinella larvae by Virchow. Because there was a clear 50-50 chances of them both surviving, Bismark drew himself out of this duel and thus Virchow was successful; in saving himself just with the help of sausages.

7. Sausage for Birds

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In 2010, an Australian kookaburra was unable to fly as she was found to be excessively overweight and obese. The reason was that this little bird was fed way too many sausage barbeques and thus became too fat to fly by herself. With something very unlike for birds to eat sausages, this kookaburra was kept under a sausage-free diet to help her lose weight and return to normal.

8. Sexist Sausage

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Ever heard of male and female sausages? Well, at the German Edeka supermarket chain, you do find the Frauen (female) and the Manner (male) sausages being sold openly to customers. This selling tactic has definitely turned the selling of sausages into a very sexist controversy, as male sausages are longer whereas the female sausages are lean and half the size of male’s . it is also claimed that the female sausages are comparatively expensive as they contain high quality meat. This categorization of sausages into male and female has given rise to the sexist sausage theory, with people waiting for their gender equality.

9. Shrine of the Holy Sausage

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A small little kitten somehow found its way into a sausage manufacturing factory and entered into the pipeline, whose corpse landed in one of the sausages which were being used by Krod Yotchomrang. On seeing the surprised sight of a kitten lying dead in a sausage, she arranged for a small shrine for the kitten and spread the word near and far. Gradually, people came and visited this shrine and also confessed that their life went through good turns after praying at the Shrine of the Holy Kitten-Sausage, as Krod and her family themselves won good money on several lottery tickets.

10. Sausage Addiction

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People get addicted to almost everything, and in the case of David Harding, it is sausages. This man has confessed that his life is next to impossible without sausages and that he gets panicked and stressed out every time he sees shortage of sausages in his refrigerator. Harding is addicted to sausages and all the treatments which he has undertaken till date has gone in vain. He is particularly addicted to McWhinney’s Irish Pork Sausages and eats about 15 sausages a day, and probably still requires more.



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Top 10 Ways the Body Reacts to Deadly Extremes http://top-10-list.org/2014/08/20/top-10-ways-the-body-reacts-to-deadly-extremes/ http://top-10-list.org/2014/08/20/top-10-ways-the-body-reacts-to-deadly-extremes/#comments Wed, 20 Aug 2014 08:25:52 +0000 http://top-10-list.org/?p=49540

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Our body is known to react to a lot of things such as situations, behavior, temperature and other gravitational and scientific forces. Something known as a body reaction is definitely not in our hands, it is something which is bound to take place and happen. Heat, cold, pressure and other forces are how and why our body reacts which is different in every case and situation. Sometimes, even unknowingly our body reacts to some terrible extremes. Extreme is a situation when the forces become too beyond control or are out of our limits to handle. In such cases of extremes, our body tends to react in a completely different and distinct way. Some people can handle cold wintery weathers, whereas other might find it deadly and intolerable to stay in such cold extremes. Such unbelievable forces make our body react, which could prove to be fatal and deadly. Here is a list of the top 10 ways the body reacts to deadly extremes, and what basically are the consequences of it.

1. Loneliness

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Everyone goes through a phase of loneliness in their lives, yet chronic loneliness can have some adverse effects on our bodies. People suffering through chronic loneliness are more prone to viral illnesses as they have a much suppressed immune system. People suffering with loneliness have their immune system fixate on fighting antibacterial infections, thus being unable to produce antiviral antibodies. Lonely people also are known to suffer with sleeping disorders and are susceptible to high blood pressure, thus increasing their chances of heart diseases and strokes.

2. Radiation

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Radiation has some drastic effects on our body if it is let out in the open air, such as killing the cells of the body or leading to mutation, resulting in cancer and other bodily disorders. In order to develop cancer, the required radiation would be about 10 rem, which is much more compared to the average 0.3 rem of radiation that a person is exposed to daily on an average. Though higher levels of radiation could lead to vomiting, reduction of blood cells and bone marrow damage, which gradually results in blood flow blockage and blood clotting.

3. Chemicals

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The chemical hydrogen sulfide is known to have a bad and pungent smell, apart from being responsible of killing the dinosaurs and other prehistoric life. But it is known that all living things produce this particular chemical in little amounts. Hydrogen sulfide helps in the regulation of the rate at which our internal processes function. If given in the right amounts and dosage, this chemical tends to slow the body’s metabolic rate and shuts down all bodily circulation and pulmonary functions.

4. Height

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Vertigo is the feeling of a spinning and a sickening feeling when you are standing at some great heights, for example on the roof of a skyscraper. It is psychological that the higher we get, everything starts swaying or at least makes us feel the sway, which makes it difficult for us to regain balance, and sometimes even interferes with our centre of gravity, due to which people tend to fall down at great heights.

5. Starvation

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Starvation could do more harm to your body than you could imagine. For a start, the stomach physically shrinks, along with the shrinking of heart and heart muscles and thus dropping blood pressure. Prolonged starvation causes anemia and creates menstruation problems in women. When we starve ourselves, there is not enough sugars in our body to burn, and therefore fat starts getting broken down. These fats release a substance known as ketones which lead to feelings of nausea and exhaustion and also bad breath. Bones might also get weakened in the worst cases and your brain starts malfunctioning.

6. Fire

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It is not really surprising to know how bad our body reacts when exposed to fire. A study revealed that when bodies are put on fire, the first layer of the skin goes out first. The average human body burns for seven hours, until the inner dermal skin does not stay alive for longer and burns to ashes within minutes. The fire than starts acting on our body fat, melting the fat and making it absorb into the wick, and burns for hours. Muscles dry out and start contracting due to the flames. The fire automatically burns out when only the bones remain, thus taking us through damage, death and disintegration.

7. Heat

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When the body’s temperature goes beyond 40 degree Celsius, the person suffers a high chance of heatstroke. Heatstroke usually occurs in people who work under the sun or expose themselves too much to the son such as industrial workers and sportspersons. Severe cases of heatstroke lead to brain damage in some people as well. In additions, humid weather contributes to the heatstroke and decreases the body’s ability to get rid of the heat. When the body temperature becomes 42 degree Celsius, cells slowly start breaking down, tissues swell, digestive linings weakens and the circulatory and nervous system slow down, causing convulsions and dizziness.

8. Cold

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When the body’s temperature drops down to 30 degree Celsius or 86 degree Fahrenheit, all bodily functions slows down. For example, the heart and lung functions slow down, fatigue problems increase and the renal system fails. The whole body starts starving for oxygen. Because the renal system stops functioning, the body gets flooded with diluted urine in some places such as blood and some vital organs, and resulting in shock and heart problems.

9. Pressure

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When a human body feels a considerable drop in the surrounding pressure, it gives rise to decompression sickness, or rather known as ‘the bends’. Blood becomes unable to dissolve gases like nitrogen due to which such gases remain as bubbles in our bloodstream. After a prolonged period of time, these bubbles accumulate in blood vessels and bloc the blood flow, resulting in dizziness or even death. People who are very likely to suffer decompression sickness re divers who subject themselves to pressure changes very regularly while they dive.

10. Acceleration

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During the World War I, US Air Force officer John Stapp tried and made attempts to know more about acceleration and g forces and how it affects our body and mind, and yes, he was successful in finding out some really surprising facts. Stapp subjected himself to forces up to 35 g, which is an acceleration of 343 meters per second squared. He observed that his bones cracked and broke and his dental fillings flew out, and he also observed changes in his blood. He pointed out that when g forces at vertically on the human body, things could go pretty haywire especially if the force level is about 4 or 5 g for most people. It becomes difficult for the body to pump blood in such cases and therefore making blood accumulate in one place. Thus, in negative g forces, the blood flow of a person gets clogged; due to which pilots might also end up losing their consciousness.



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Top 10 Awesome Facts about Coffee http://top-10-list.org/2014/08/14/top-10-awesome-facts-about-coffee/ http://top-10-list.org/2014/08/14/top-10-awesome-facts-about-coffee/#comments Thu, 14 Aug 2014 06:37:06 +0000 http://top-10-list.org/?p=49494

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Coffee is known to be the second most traded commodity in the world, and has still been growing and getting more popular than we can ever imagine. In most of the countries, coffee is consumed by at least half or more than half the population and section of people, making it one of the most favourite hot and cold beverages of people all across the world. With various different flavours and types of coffee available today, there is hardly anyone who could resist the temptation of sipping a really sweet cold coffee or have coffee with some whipped cream or ice cream. Coffee has been introduced in many different ways to people to accustom and suit to their tastes and likings, and it has surely been successful in connecting with people in the most unique way possible. Coffee is made and used by people right from any formal or social occasion to any informal or get together meetings. Coffee as a drink has been growing over the years, with more upcoming new tastes and flavours for it, which have definitely made a place in people’s hearts pretty quick and easy. Here is a list of the top 10 awesome facts about coffee, which have helped this drink make its way to being one of the most demanded and popular drinks in the world.

1. Coffee contamination

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Apart from the fungal coffee rust disease, other toxic poisons produced by Aspergillus and Penicillium fungi on the coffee plants could also lead to a life threat and result in deaths if possible. The Food and Agriculture Organization by the UN has also devised attempts to reduce the average level of such toxins in coffee exports between 1998 and 2004. People could fall adversely ill and suffer with other kinds of consequence due to the certain poison contained in the coffee plant produced by certain fungus.

2. Re-using coffee beans

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Only 20 percent of the coffee bean has its contribution in giving out the flavor and aroma of coffee, and the remaining 80 percent of the bean is useless. Scientists have been trying to find out ways and means for the utilization of this 80 percent of coffee bean waste, and one of the ways is to spend the coffee grounds into fuel pellets for more energy. Also, coffee production companies send all the waste produced to a biomass plant which gets burnt along with the wood. Scientists have also come up with a way of using the waste coffee grounds to produce an alcoholic drink which could be produced by fermenting the beans and distilling them through a process similar to the production of whiskey.

3. Coffee during pregnancy

Pregnant woman holding a coffee mug.

Though it is popularly believed that pregnant women should refrain from consuming coffee, there is no real evidence or studies to prove that having below three to four cups of coffee could actually do any harm to the woman or the baby in her womb. It is massively believed that women drinking less or no coffee have a smoother pregnancy and healthier babies, but no substantial evidence to support that.

4. Latte Art and Tasting

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The World Cup Tasters Championship is a platform where participants smell and taste the different types of coffee available and identify them as quickly as they can. This gives birth to the Latte and Coffee Tasting art which is favoured and loved by people all over the world, especially through this annual coffee festival which took place in France this year. Designs are done on the surface of the coffee drinks such as hearts, swirls, leaves, dragons, cartoon characters and teddy bears.

5. Coffee banned in 17th century England

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Coffee was first introduced in England in the 17th century, for some very odd reasons the drink was also banned by King Charles in 1675. Women in England believed that their men were getting unfruitful and that the men’s’ masculine properties were slowly and steadily lacking. Therefore, coffee as banned as a result of the campaign by ‘several Thousands of Buxome Good Women Languishing in Extremity of Want’, as the group called themselves.

6. Coffee Overdose and Addiction

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Coffee which contains caffeine could actually prove to be toxic if there are no set limits of you drinking large number of cups of coffee. Caffeine is a chemical which could even make you ill in the case of over dosage, which means having seven to 10 cups of coffee a day. The point had been in the light when a young girl from England fell ill after consuming seven double espressos, claiming that she suffered from severe mood swings, raised temperature and palpitations.

7. Ethiopian Coffee Ceremony

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The Ethiopian Coffee Ceremony or the Bunna is a social and cultural ritual of preparing the coffee and offering coffee to guests and visitors. It is a very important ritual ceremony for Ethiopian women, whre the ceremony begins with the roasting of fresh green beans in a pan while burning fragrant flowers to give out a pleasant aroma. The coffee is then prepared and poured into cups with sugar, salt or butter.

8. Caffeine attracts bees

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Coffee contains caffeine which is a toxic chemi9cal for slugs and pests, yet surprisingly, this chemical has very opposite effect on bees. The caffeine contained in the coffee plants helps the memory of these little pollinators to get more sharpened, especially enhancing their long term memory. The caffeine also makes the bees come and visit them regularly because of the caffeine acting on the brain chemistry of these bees, and helping them remember the flower in a more memorable way.

9. Coffee Rust in Central America

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Coffee rust is a kind of fungal disease which grown on coffee plants and destroys the whole plant completely. Proving to be a threat to many farmers’ livelihoods, the main victim of this disease in the very famous Arabica coffee plant which is grown extensively in many countries in the world. The coffee rust disease indeed plagues farmers to a large extent when their coffee plants are attacked.

10. Coffee Crime Wave in Kenya

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Coffee has been one of the most important and primary reasons for major amounts of theft and killings, because Kenya is a country with some of the most high amounts of produced coffee and therefore, a kilo of dried coffee beans could actually amount to a week’s wages for a poor person in that country. Coffee beans are stolen by some regular thieves, who sometimes even resort to killings and murdering the farmers. More than five million people in Kenya are dependent on coffee plantations; therefore a lot of living and crime revolves around this commodity increasing crime rate in the country.



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Top 10 absorbing Facts about Tea http://top-10-list.org/2014/08/14/top-10-absorbing-facts-about-tea/ http://top-10-list.org/2014/08/14/top-10-absorbing-facts-about-tea/#comments Thu, 14 Aug 2014 06:36:49 +0000 http://top-10-list.org/?p=49493

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Tea is one of the most loved and popular hot beverages in the world. No matter where you go, tea is one standard thing apart from coffee which is considered to be a favourite of many. The relaxing and rejuvenating quality of tea helps stressed out people in dire needs of a drink, and is known for its long list of health benefits. Extremely light to consume and digest, tea is also used as a part of daily rituals in some countries, such as China or Japan, or served as a part of etiquette if various big occasions and event. Tea has surprisingly and unnaturally become a part and parcel of our daily lives. Tea as a beverage connects people and brings them together to have some tea time to discuss and communicate with each other, as people tend to have conversations over a cup of tea or coffee as we like to say. Something like tea which actually started from being a health tonic in China is now cherished as the most preferred and lovable drink in the whole world and the exciting part being that this pone beverage is made and prepared in various different types and flavors, available in various corners of the world. Here is the list of the top 10 absorbing facts about this incredibly hot beverage called Tea.

1. Health considerations

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Where almost more than half the world believes in the large list of health benefits tea has to offer to us, studies have found out that people drinking large amounts of tea have a tendency to develop prostrate cancer. Whereas, some other researchers have found out completely the opposite saying that pole suffering from such cancer were just cured and their condition was better after drinking green tea. No further studies could exactly explain the health implications of this wonderful hot beverage.

2. Tasseomancy

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Tasseomancy is a form of divination which comes from the consumption or usage of tea. This type of divination was used by people for practicing witchcraft and was spread by the gypsies around the world. This form of divination has first started from China, showing that tea is not only important for cultural aspects but has its own uses of divination at the end.

3. Polluted Tea

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How reassuring the taste and flavor of the tea maybe, studies and research have found out that green and black tea contains some reasonable amount of aluminum and fluoride. High amounts of flouride intake could lead to dental flourosis among children and people. Also, some studies have also pointed out the fact that it could also contribute to the Alzheimer’s disease and thus the polluted tea needs to be filtered and treated as an immediate concern.

4. Pickled Tea

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Burma has definitely a very different and distinct way or producing flavoured tea called the lephet. The tea leaves are first softened, then they are allowed to cool down and are rolled tightly, and left for them to age. The Lephet is one of the most popular and mandatory dishes in Burma for all social occasions. The pickled tea is served on a tray in the middle, surrounded by other garnishes such as shrimps, sesame seeds, garlic, peanuts and dry peas.

5. Masala Chai

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Borrowed from the Indian culture, the Masala Chai is a type of tea mixed and flavoured with black tea along with spices such as cardamom, cinnamon, ginger, cloves, black pepper and vanilla. In proper translation, the Masala Chai is actually known as the spiced tea, where the milked or black tea is mixed with various Indian spices and thus gives out a beautiful aroma of spices and a piercing taste of the tea flavor.

6. L-Theanine

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L-Theanine is another stimulating product mixed in the cup of tea, which is actually the reason why people prefer tea more to coffee. The light weight and refreshing feeling of tea comes from L-Theanine and has beneficial and effective relief on brains. This particular product helps you relax without actually making you feel the need to sleep or take a nap, and also improves brain memory. L-Theanine is known to also make you alert and more aware of your surroundings, thus helping you to lead an active life.

7. Decaffeinating Tea

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Because all the types of tea or coffee available around us is caffeinated, researchers have found out and given us a new way to decaffeinate tea. As one wants to get rid of all those chemicals and have a healthy drink, all we need to do is make sure that we don’t consume the tea which is brewed for the first time. The brewed tea needs to be washed for the first time and then re-brewed to remove the caffeine completely from the tea leaves. Though the process of decaffeinating tea is a little complex and time consuming, it is believed that the first batch of tea needs to be brewed for a good 10 minutes which will give you a 90 percent free caffeinated tea. It is all about brewing the tea more to get rid of more amounts of caffeine from the tea.

8. Soy Lecithin

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Soy Lecithin is a product used in many tea products as it is known to have a large number of health benefits. Lecithin has been found to be effective in combating ulcerative colitis or the inflammatory bowel disease, along with other dimensional diseases such as the Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and bipolar disorders. Recently, the famous and well known tea brand, Celestial Seasonings had been scrutinized for using soy lecithin in their products as many people could be allergic to soy products.

9. Japanese Tea Ceremony

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The Japanese Tea Ceremony is social ritual where a delicious powdered green tea known as the Matcha is prepared and consumed. This social occasion is basically to honour the guests and give them a warm welcome into your home. The ceremony started on amongst the rich and elite Japanese people to further their social status and reputation and socialize with their guests better, but today, this ceremony is a part of almost every household in China, savouring the amazing and unique taste of Matcha.

10. Tisanes

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Tisane are the natural caffeine-free tea leaves which are otherwise overpowered today with the mixture of various herbal plants produced to us as tea. The Camellia Sinensis, also known as the Tea plant is known to have some wonderful healing properties, and because this particular plant does not contain caffeine at all, it is one of the healthiest beverages a person can consume and they can drink it anytime of the day. Tisane is known to improve medical and health conditions and is the ideal tea leaf to be consumed till date.



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Top 10 Fascinating Facts about Fruits and Vegetables http://top-10-list.org/2014/08/14/top-10-fascinating-facts-about-fruits-and-vegetables/ http://top-10-list.org/2014/08/14/top-10-fascinating-facts-about-fruits-and-vegetables/#comments Thu, 14 Aug 2014 05:50:07 +0000 http://top-10-list.org/?p=49459

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Fruits and vegetables have become an indispensible part of our lives. Farming and agriculture has always been the foundation of a country’s economy and therefore, fruits and vegetables hold a very important part and role in our life. The types and categories of fruits and vegetables are beyond what e can imagine, as there are various number of fruits and vegetables the names of which we are unaware of even today. Fruits are best known for the health and fitness benefits along with the delicious and tasty fruit pulp available. Vegetables are known for they very high fiber content, which is one of the foremost advisable instructions to lead and live a healthy life. Fruits and vegetables are cooked in large number of ways as there is no limit to any creation and experimentation of dishes with the amazing world of these agricultural produce. Yet, not many people know all the facts and features of fruits and vegetables. Some of them come from its birth of a long history, and there are many other vegetables and fruits which are given the name of people and places, and thus the list of facts is endless. Here is a list of the top 10 fascinating facts about fruits and vegetables which you probably have never come across before.

1. Most hated vegetable.

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Brussels sprouts have been termed as the most hated vegetable by people all across the world. The tiny cabbage looking vegetable is definitely very high in nutrient and fiber content, yet their bitter taste is the most putting off for food lovers. The bitter taste of these sprouts can be removed by boiling them and immersing them in cold water. To make them taste better, the treated sprouts can be garnished and mixed in red vinegar or lemon.

2. Iron of Spinach

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The fact that why most of the people and children in the world, including cartoon characters like Popeye look up to this vegetable is because of the high iron content Spinach contains. The story goes that spinach was chosen by Segar from a faulty study that displaced a decimal point while calculating the iron content of this vegetable. No one really knows whether this story is true or a myth, but one thing is sure that spinach is one of the healthiest leafy vegetables, most of the nutrients of which are lost while boiling and cooking.

3. Purple Carrots

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There is no proper and fully fledged evidence on the origination of purple carrots, though some believe that they were first cultivated in modern day Afghanistan and then spread to parts of Europe and Middle East. Most of us have seen and are more acquainted with orange carrots and therefore the mystery and the story behind these strangely coloured carrots still remains vague in people’s minds.

4. Designer Melons

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The watermelon first originated in South America, and spread to China and Europe between the 10th and the 13th centuries. Since this widespread distribution and demand of watermelons, farmers adopted a way of growing the watermelons in differently shaped glass boxes such as a square, pyramid and different sizes of cubes for easy storage in the refrigerator. Even today, the Densuke watermelons grown only on the Hokkaido Island has its average price set more than $250.

5. Cannibal Tomato

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The Cannibal Tomato serves its name right as a particular tomato sauce is believed to be the best to go with human flesh to eat. Fiji’s Cannibal tomato is actually an eggplant, the vegetable which looks like a tomato. The natives of Fiji claim that this tomato helps in the preparation of a nice sauce which is the perfect complement to eating human flesh.

6. Grape Plasma

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With the help of a microwave, one can turn a grape into the gas and then into the plasma state. Take a grape and slice it about 90 percent in between, just letting them stay connected by a small strip of skin. Insert the grape on a microwave rotating tray and keep it inside for about 10 seconds. After a few seconds, the moisture inside the little fruit emerges as a gas. The little charge between the two halves due to that tiny little strip will enable a steam to turn into a small electric light show, which is basically the plasma and can be contained in the grape for a longer time by placing a glass over the top of the grape.

7. Toxic Potatoes

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Potatoes can also be toxic in nature as they produce large amounts of substances called glycoalkaloids, and the most toxic of them being Solanine. This toxic poison prevents people from eating the potatoes grown on the plants. Potatoes are very carefully cultivated for this reason to reduce the poison levels within them, and most of the toxic goes and buzzes off once the potatoes are cooked, yet we are daily exposed to little amounts of it every time we deal with a potato.

8. Banana extinction

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Most banana lovers would be surprised to know about a particular banana which was extremely popular and widely distributed during the 1950’s but got wiped out. The bananas were called ‘Gros Michel’ and this type of bananas became extinct due to a fungus called the Panama Disease. The Cavendish bananas available today are very similar to the Gros Michel bananas, the only different being that Cavendish has a resistance to the Panama disease which had killed the superior quality Gros Michels.

9. Negative Calorie Celery

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Negative calorie vegetables are those which are so low in calorie that the activity of just chewing and digesting them consumes more energy than what that particular vegetable actually gives us for our body. One such vegetable is Celery which is most popularly known for helping people lose weight and calories.

10. Johnny Appleseed

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Johnny Appleseed was an actual man who roamed on the frontier of Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana, going about planting 100,000 square miles with apple orchards. Growing apples during the late 1700’s and early 1800’s was a big business, and therefore Johnny used his knack and grew apple trees such as hard cider and applejack and sold them to pioneers and travelers for a few countable cents. He had more money than anyone could have thought of that time.



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