World Bank economist Jean-Francois Rischard argues that the international community is still living through some truly momentous times. Our capacity to tackle a variety of complicated social and economic problems is greater at the turn of the new century than has been the case at anytime during the last few centuries. Technological development, economic prosperity and cultural evolution, all characteristics of globalization, have sharpened our ability to resolve many of the social evils that still exist today.
Identifying the right tools to fit the problem is key, but the first step we need to take is to identify and understand what are the most pressing issues and which of them are global. If we see these issues as global then it follows, in an increasingly interdependent world, that we have to develop an approach that involves all nations working within a framework to resolve them.
The next twenty years will be of great importance to our planet. How global problems are resolved over these years will determine the fate of our planet for our children and all subsequent generations. Top 10 List examines 10 most urgent, pressing, issues facing our world today.
1. Global Economic Collapse
The global financial system is more interconnected today than ever before, and a crisis at one major bank or in one area of the world can spread at lightning speed. Anyone who tells you that the current global financial system is sustainable has not done enough research Just look at the numbers here:
-$9,283,000,000,000 - The total amount of all bank deposits in the United States. The FDIC has just 25 billion dollars in the deposit insurance fund that is supposed to “guarantee” those deposits.
-$10,012,800,000,000 - The total amount of mortgage debt in the United States.
-$10,409,500,000,000 - The M2 money supply in the United States.
-$16,749,269,587,407.53 - The size of the U.S. national debt. It has grown by more than 10 trillion dollars over the past ten years.
Every single day, the total amount of debt grows faster than the total amount of money until the day that it will burst – just like in 1929 when the global markets collapsed.
What we witnessed back in 2008 was a “hiccup” in the system. It caused the worst economic downturn since the Great Depression, but global financial authorities were able to get things stabilized, for now. Next time it won’t be so easy.
Terrorism is the global problem nowadays that endanger life of every person on the earth. The primary purpose of all governments should encourage and enable people to join their forces against terrorism and win it by common efforts . The government should recognize the paramount importance of this problem and the political activity should be subservient to that major consideration.
To solve the global issue of global terrorism, we must try to find the origins of it, to analyze the actions of countries taken against terrorism, and the social attitude to this phenomenon. Current global policies are unable to stop the spread of terrorism and are doing a poor job to miniaturize it. Mass media leads active struggle against terrorism but very often this process isn’t connected with definite well-known terrorists. They blame whole nations without any division. The consequences of such actions are predictable: people begin to hate not terrorists as a whole but correlate terrorists with specific nationalities, such as Arabs, for example. Terrorism as a national phenomenon is a great problem and its understanding can help us to find the resolution.
Knowing the definition of terrorism is necessary for the world to take strong measures to overcome this global trouble. The definition is a controversial one and that is why very often its different interpretations can be used in the own interests of some individuals. As a whole terrorism translates in aggressive actions with the use of violence against ordinary civilians aimed to intimidate politicians. Term “terrorism” is also used to show that the actions taken by a group of people are violent, unlawful and immoral.
3. Proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs)
The proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (nuclear, chemical and biological weapons) and their technology is today one of the most pressing issues and threats to the international peace and security. The use of such weapons goes against everything that international law and, more particularly, humanitarian law stands for.
Heads of state and government who participated in the Summit in Chicago in May 2012 argue that “proliferation threatens our shared vision of creating the conditions necessary for a world without nuclear weapons in accordance with the goals of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)”.
4. Climate change
The climate changes we face in 21st century is one of the most urgent global problems our world faces. The earth is warming up, and there is now overwhelming scientific consensus that it is happening, and human-induced. With global warming on the increase and species and their habitats on the decrease, chances for ecosystems to adapt naturally are diminishing.
Many scholars have already agreed that climate change may be one of the greatest threats facing the planet. Recent years show increasing temperatures in various regions, and/or increasing extremities in weather patterns, such as Hurricane Katrina and the 2004 Tsunami and Earthquake in Asia.
The world’s population will soon reach an unprecedented level where there will be a shortage of resources to sustain life. Growth must be stopped or at least limited so that we can avoid this catastrophe. Many environmental, social, and economic problems either stem from or have increased because of the overpopulation problem. With an exponentially increasing population, the problems created by overpopulation grow correspondingly. To ensure population stability not only in the increasingly wealthy third-world areas, but also in the industrialized areas, the world must work together to achieve zero population growth.
The earth does not contain enough resources to indefinitely sustain the current enormous population growth. For instance, there is a limited area of arable land and living space. China, home to 1.2 billion people or 1/5 the world’s population, is an excellent example of the kinds of problems that arise in an increasingly crowded society. Trying to increase the standard of living of its people, China has industrialized and the economy has grown (Hanson). This increase in wealth has increased the demand for food in China, one thing that the country does not have. Each day 40,000 children die from malnutrition and its related diseases. 150 million children in the world are suffering from poor health because of food shortages.
Globalization is a catchphrase commonly heard from journalists and politicians. In the past 100 years it has become a key idea for businesses and has been a matter of discourse and debate. There is no one way of describing globalization and its origins. However, theorists have come up with a definition which defines the term as a way to spread and interconnect production, communication and technology across the world. This spread has been interlacedwith economic and cultural activity.
Globalization has brought with it the bad and the good. With increasing economics interconnecting, the poorer, peripheral countries have become more dependent on industrialized countries and their activity, capital and technical expertise.
There are some thinkers who are aiming to be global figures. They aim to change the world and the way we do things for the better. This article shows some of the accomplishments the following people made with the spread of globalization.
1. Hilary Clinton:
In the last year as Secretary of State, Hilary Clinton is doing more than ever before, expanding her limited role in politics. She broke travel records, trying to pioneer partnerships and friendship and to allow ambassadors and other officers to finally start tweeting. Moreover, she has been a champion for women`s rights and progress, investing her time to advocate for their basic rights.
In 2011, Foreign Policy magazines placed her on the list of top 100 global thinkers. Along with her husband, they are known as the power couple who offers optimism to other Americans In 2011, Hilary Clinton was quite eventful for releasing the first Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review, an agency-wide audit of the State Department`s best practices.
It is thus only fair to place Clinton again on this list as she never stops to amaze us.
2. Mustafa Abdel Jalil:
All eyes are on this man in Libya who leads the country through the transitional government. As acting president, he is responsible for preventing collapse and for avoiding the country`s descent into chaos.
We can never forget the events that unfolded in Libya on February 17, 2011. Major protests began in the country opposing Muammar Gaddafi`s rule. These protests had gained momentum, and size and caused chaos up until October of 2011. Gaddafi was adamant about not giving up, accusing the rebels of being drug addicts and linked to al-Qaeda. In fact he provided his soldiers with Viagra-type pills to rape innocent women.
3. Marie Colvin:
This reporter who worked for the Sunday Times in Britain dedicated her life’s work to bringing people the truth. All eyes were on her this year as she was killed covering the chaos in Syria.
Throughout her career, she has covered most conflicts including Chechnya, Kosovo, Sierra Leone, Zimbabwe and Sri Lanka. Most notably she has been given credit for saving 1500 women and children besieged by Indonesian backed forces. Before her death, she lost her sight in her left eye due a blast by a rocket propeller in Sri Lanka.
She was a global thinker, aiming to bring change and democracy to countries torn by war. Hopefully her efforts in Syria do not go in vain.
4. Marc Andreesseen:
The growth of the World Wide Web could not have been made possible without this man and a simple product called a browser. The browser was invented by Marc Andreessen. The program was called the Mosaic program when he was in college; it later became known as the Netscape Navigator, a company he founded in 1994. The browser had a larger significance for us, it stimulated 10,000% increase in web users within 2 years.
In 2012, he continued to make Silicon Valley magical. In his company Andreessen Horowitz, headed up by him and Ben Horowitz, competition has been fierce. The firm has funded some of the largest and well-known companies we use today, including Facebook, Twitter, Groupon and Zynga.
5. Michael Bloomberg:
This New York mayor is one of the most prominent advocates for immigration. In recent years, most notably 2012, he fought for more inclusivity and tolerance in society. He equally started a bipartisan partnership for a New American Economy, building coalitions among leaders and pushing the way for common sense immigration reform. Creating jobs and expand the middle class are some of his other concern.
Most notable are his efforts for religious freedom. In 2011, he was nominated for the Foreign Policy list for trying to include Muslims in the cliché of Americans.
A number of political science surveys have said that the following countries are the most powerful today:
1. The United States of America
This country is the largest economy today and has the strongest army as well as a very powerful democracy. It is also said to be a superpower and its media is very influential as well. It has built itself and its power ever since it gained independence and is only getting more powerful. The country controls international relations and is a part of a number of influential bodies.
2. Russian Federation
The Russian Federation has the second most powerful army and controls a number of states in the Central Asian area. It has a very large population and immense world area. These factors allow it to stay independent and prevent external forces from meddling in the political, economic and financial issues of the country. Because of its size, Russia has the resources to become a superpower.
3. Peoples Republic of China
Peoples Republic of China is said to have the 4th largest GNP in the world. It has gained supremacy only recently over Britain and France. It has a large army and immense potential to become the most powerful country in the world.
France is a part of the UN Security Council and is said to be the fifth most powerful country in the world. It is a great nuclear power and influences many African nations. The French have a large army which helps in maintaining law and order. It is a G7 economy and part of the European Union.
Britain is part of the UN Security Council as well. It has powerful nuclear weapons and the democracy is considered to be the most stable as well. As a G7 economy and as a leading country in areas like music, films and media, the country has immense influence when it comes to world politics. It is a part of the European Union as well.
Craigslist.org was one of the first online classified sites, and has grown to become the largest classified source, bringing in over million’s of visitors. Craigslist is translated into many languages and has a global focus. Craigslist is offering different zones for those who want to place their ads on different categories. The zones are community, housing, and jobs, for sale, services, resumes, personals, gigs and discussion forums to discuss important topics with others.
Kijiji is an online classified service that allows posting of free classified ads. It is translated into many languages and has a global focus. Kijiji is offering sections devoted to for sale, real estate, services, cars & bikes, services, jobs, entertainment, community, Events, Matrimonial and Education & learning.
Olx has become one of the top players in the realm of online classifieds in the past few months. The site has its presence in nearly 90 countries around the world and this makes it one of the largest classifieds sites on the web today. Olx is translated into many languages and has a global focus. Olx is featuring free online.
Adsglobe.com is a free, feature rich and one-stop online classifieds/ads website serving over a million locations globally, covering over a dozen advertising zones. AdsGlobe.com serves variety of users ranging from individuals to all types of businesses for their unique advertising and marketing needs. Users can post free ads or search local ads in Real Estate/Rentals, Jobs, Autos, and Items for Sale, Local Events, Dating/Personals, Services, Pets, Travel and Business Pages.