Ten Types of Fungus with Impact on Human History

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6. Penicillium Roqueforti

Penicillium Roqueforti

This fungus is an important element for the manufacture of blue cheese, antifungals, flavoring agents, proteases, polysaccharides and a lot of other enzymes.

 

7. Trametes Versicolor

Trametes Versicolor

This fungus is popularly known in the US as the “Turkey Tail” owing to its near resemblance to the turkey bird’s tail. It has a significant and critical function in cancer treatment. It is mainly used as an adjuvant for several cancer drugs.

 

8. Cordyceps Sinensis

Cordyceps Sinensis

This fungus is a popular mushroom with curative characteristics and is commonly used in Chinese medicine to treat a wide variety of diseases including cancer. It is also used as an aphrodisiac.

 

9. Omphalotus Olearius

Omphalotus Olearius

This fungus is distinguished by its bioluminescent characteristic. Ingestion of even small amounts of this highly toxic fungus can lead to severe diarrhea, vomiting and cramps.

 

10. Claviceps Purpurea

Claviceps Purpurea

This is the fungus that proliferates on the rye’s ear and other forage plants and related cereals. Ingestion of this fungus can lead to ergotism and it can affect humans and other mammals. Ergotism is commonly referred to as the “St. Anthony’s Fire.” This condition is usually accompanied by convulsions immediately after consuming the fungus. In the past, this has been the main cause of “bewitchment” which led to the Salem witch trials.

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