The National Cancer Institute and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention took efforts to compile the incidence of cancer and mortality statistics for 1999-2004. The top 10 most common types of cancer diagnosed in U.S. women are:
1. Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the breast tissues. The breast comprises of ducts and lobes. The sections called lobes in the breasts have several smaller sections called lobules. Lobules end in dozens of tiny bulbs that can produce milk.
2. Lung Cancer
When uncontrolled cell growth is seen in the tissues of the lungs, Lung cancer is said to develop. This growth can lead to metastasis, which is the infiltration or invasion of adjacent tissue. Carcinomas of the lung are the majority of primary lung cancers. Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related death in men and the second most common in women.
3. Colon and Rectal Cancer
When malignant cancer cells develop in the tissues of the rectum, rectal cancer is said to develop. The rectum is part of the body’s digestive system. Its primary function is to store formed stool in preparation for evacuation.
4. Uterine Cancer
When malignant cancer cells form in the uterine muscles or other tissues that support the uterus, uterine sarcoma is said to develop. The uterus is part of the female reproductive system. It is a pear shaped, hollow organ in the pelvis, where a fetus grows.
5. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) refers to the cancer of the cells of the lymphatic system. When a person suffers from non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, cells in the lymphatic system divide or grow uncontrollably or the older cells do not die as they normally do. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma can occur in the spleen, a single lymph node or a bunch of lymph nodes.
6. Skin Melanomas
When malignant cells form in the melanocytes or the skin cells, melanoma is said to occur. Melanocytes can be found in the entire lower part of the epidermis. They produce melanin which gives skin its pigment or color.
7. Thyroid Cancer
The most common thyroid cancer types are follicular and papillary which are very curable. If treated correctly, both papillary and follicular cancers have a more than 97% cure rate in young people. In the case of both papillary and follicular cancers, there is complete removal of the lobe of the thyroid where the cancer originates along with the removal of most or all of the other side.
8. Ovarian Cancer
The ovary is the female reproductive organ located in the pelvis. Its primary function is to store eggs and produce female hormones. Women have two ovaries, one on each side of the uterus. Ovarian tumors can be non-cancerous tissue growths or cancerous in nature which can spread to other parts of the body.
9. Renal Cancer
When malignant cells form in the tubules of the kidneys, renal cell cancer is said to develop. Renal cell cancer is also called renal adenocarcinoma. Humans have 2 kidneys, one on each side of the backbone. The tiny tubules have the responsibility of cleaning and filtering the blood and eliminating the waste products through urine formation.
10. Pancreatic Cancer
Pancreatic cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the pancreatic tissues. The pancreas is a gland about 6 inches long lying behind the stomach in front of the spine. It looks like a thin pear. Pancreatic cancer is sometimes called a “silent killer” because early pancreatic cancer is accompanied by lack of symptoms and the symptoms that appear later are varied and non-specific.