Psychological disorders range from common phobias to post traumatic stress syndrome. The following is a list of the top 10 psychological disorders afflicting people in the current times.
1. Obsessive compulsive disorder
Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is a psychological disorder characterized by thoughts that produce stress or anxiety, by repetitive behaviors or by combinations of such thoughts (obsessions) and behaviors (compulsions). Extensive hoarding, repetitive hand washing or pre occupation with religious, sexual or aggressive impulses can be the symptoms of this type of disorder.
2. Bipolar disorder
Bipolar Disorder is otherwise known as bipolar affective disorder or depressive disorder. In this case a patient suffers from acute mood disorders defined by the presence of one or more episodes of abnormally elevated mood levels called mania or, if milder, hypomania. Such patients who experience manic episodes also experience depressive symptoms or episodes or mixed episodes where both mania and depression are experienced at the same time.
3. Social anxiety disorder
This disorder is also known as social phobia or social anxiety. When a patient suffers from this disorder they are extremely uncomfortable in the company of other people and experience anxiety in social situations. This can cause undue stress, distress or impaired ability to function in at least some areas of daily life.
4. Clinical depression or severe depressive disorder
This disorder is otherwise known as Unipolar depression, Major depressive disorder or unipolar depression. In this type of mental disorder, patients experience an all-encompassing low mood accompanied by loss of interest or pleasure in normally enjoyable activities and low self esteem.
Schizophrenia is a psychiatric condition where in there are abnormalities in the perception or expression of reality. Distortions in perception can impact hearing, sight, taste, smell and touch. It can also manifest as bizarre delusions, auditory hallucinations or disorganized speech with significant occupational or social dysfunction. The progression of schizophrenia varies from person to person. Some people experience only one psychotic episode and then start leading a normal life. Others fail to be independent and always struggle with auditory or visual hallucinations.
6. Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)
This disorder is otherwise called as body dysmorphia or dysmorphic syndrome. It is a psychological anxiety disorder in which the patient is very much preoccupied or concerned by a perceived defect in his or her physical features or body image.
7. Borderline Personality Disorder
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) involves a prolonged disturbance of personality function characterized by depth and variability of moods. Those suffering from this disorder type experience unusual levels of mood instability, split personality, unstable interpersonal relationships, identity, self-image and behavior and a disturbance in his sense of self worth.
8. Acute Stress Disorder
Acute stress over reaction, also known as psychological shock, mental shock, or simply, shock is a mental condition which arises in response to a terrifying event. It should not be confused with the circulatory condition of shock.
9. PTSD (post traumatic stress disorder)
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD, is an anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to an ordeal or terrifying event. Violent personal assaults, human caused or natural disasters, military combat, accidents etc can lead to this type of disorder. Those diagnosed with this disorder can experience constant frightening thoughts and memories of their ordeal and feel emotionally numb. They may also be detached and experience sleep problems.
10. Post Partum Depression
Postpartum depression (PPD) or postnatal depression is a form of clinical depression that affects women soon after childbirth. Symptoms include fatigue, sadness, appetite changes, insomnia, crying episodes, reduced libido, anxiety, and irritability.