Phobia is a very intense and deep fear of some entities such as people, things, circumstances, events etc. The chief symptom of phobia has always been found to be the inane necessity to avoid the object creating the fear. Phobias are considered to be a kind of anxiety disorder.
The top 10 common phobias in the world today are:
This is one of the most specific and common kind of phobias today. An unusual fear caused by spiders and other arachnids like scorpions, triggers this kind of phobia. People who suffer from this phobia are extremely ill at ease in places they believe to be infested with arachnids and even though the fear might seem completely irrational to others, there is a completely different reaction triggered in the phobic.
2. Social Phobia
Social phobia has generically been classified into three types – Specific social phobia, social anxiety and social anxiety disorder. In this case, the person suffering from social phobia is completely uncomfortable when it comes to attending a social event like an outing or a party or even public speaking. The main worry of the sufferer here is the scrutiny and evaluation under which he feels he is being placed once out in the public.
The fear of flying when in a flight or aboard an airplane is called Aerophobia. This has been considered to be a symptom rather than a disease in itself. The most extreme reactions in this case could be vomiting or panic and anxiety attacks.
This phobia is sent in motion when the sufferer is in a situation from where he feels there is no easy means of escape. These people avoid big open spaces like shopping areas, unfamiliar places, airports etc.
This is the kind of fear evoked by feeling trapped or restricted in small spaces or when the sufferer gets the feeling of suffocation in an area. These people avoid tunnels, small rooms, elevators, cellars, caves etc.
This is an extreme fear of heights. This type of phobia can be very dangerous since if the sufferer gets a panic attack when he is in a high place, it will not be possible for him to get down from there safely.
This is a very different kind of phobia in the way that the sufferer is not afraid of an external entity here. Emetophobia is the kind of phobia in which the person is afraid of vomiting or vomiting in public.
This is a fear of cancer – the disease. Any kind of physical discomfort causes the sufferer to believe that he might have this disease. These people also believe that if they come in contact with any cancer patient, they will contract the disease despite the fact that cancer is not contagious.
This is a fear of thunder storms. The sufferer can get anxiety and panic attacks even though he knows the thunder storm could not possibly hurt him. Their anxiety can go to very high levels if they are outdoors during a thunder storm and if indoors, they might hide under beds or desks, behind sofas or even in cupboards.
This is the phobia or fear of death as such or any dead objects. The sufferer in this case is constantly afraid of the looming shadow of death. Such people may not want to leave the safety of their homes since the probability of death is greater outdoors than indoors. They might be afraid of violent attacks as well. This kind of phobia may involve some other phobia as well like maybe claustrophobia.