To live in the coldest cities in the world, humans have had to become accustomed their environment and change their lifestyle considerably. Electronics, petrol, ink and all other liquids completely freeze at such low temperatures. Yet, humans manage to survive in such extreme climates. Here are the top ten coldest cities in the world:
1. Vostok Station, Antarctica
The coldest place on earth is considered to be Antarctica. Only penguins and seals inhabit this place. Vostok Station was named after the ship of Fabian von Bellingshausen, an Antarctic explorer.
It is also the biggest desert in the world because it has very little precipitation. The temperature can go down to -128.6o F or -89.2°C.
2. Sovetskaia, Antarctica
This used to be a Soviet research station in Antarctica. Its surface elevation is 3662m and was discovered on February 16, 1958 by the 3rd Soviet Antarctic Expedition. The temperatures can go down to –124.1o F or -86.7°C.
3. Oymyakon, Russia
Oymyakon village is located to the east of Yakutia. Around 521 people live in this icy village. The average temperature is -96°F or -71.2°C during the winter which is nine months. Oymyakon lies in a bowl between mountains, which traps cold air and hence has such frigid temperatures.
4. Verkhoyansk, Russia
Verkhoyansk, located in the Yakutia region of Siberia, lies within the Arctic Circle. The city is the third smallest town in Russia. Its population is around 1,311 (2010 Census). The temperature, normally, will reach -40 °C (−40 °F) and −69.8 °C (−93.6 °F) at its peak. With Oymyakon, the city is considered the northern Pole of Cold.
5. North Ice Station Greenland
Greenland is known to be the coldest place in the western hemisphere. On January 9th,1954, a temperature of -87 °F (-66 °C) was recorded at the North ice Research Station in the middle of the Greenland Ice Sheet.
6. Eismitte, Greenland
The place is translated into English as Mid-Ice. It was explored as part of an arctic expedition into the inner part of Greenland in August of 1931. In 1930, the coldest temperature to be recorded was -85o F or -64.9°C.
7. Bulunkul Lake, Tajikistan
The place is an alpine lake in Tajikistan and is the coldest place in the country and in the whole of central Asia. The lake was the first basin where fishing was first introduced. The lowest recorded temperature was -81.4o F or -63°C.
8. Snag in Yukon, Canada
On the 3rd of February, 1947, Snag, a tiny village in Yukon, recorded the coldest temperature to ever be recorded in North America: -81.4°F or -63°C. This village was established during the Klondike Gold Rush in the late 1800s. The village is located in a valley south of beaver creek.
9. Mayo, Yukon
This small village is located along the Silver Trail and the Stewart River, with a population of 248 in 2006. The lowest ever temperatures were recorded as -79.8o F or -62.1°C.
10. Prospect Creek, Alaska in United States
On the 23rd of January, 1971, a pipeline camp recorded what is considered the lowest temperature ever in the United States of America: -79.8°F/ -62.1°C. Prospect Creek is located just 25 miles southeast from Bettles, Alaska and 180 miles north of Fairbanks. The city is mostly uninhabited with little activity.