1. New York Stock Exchange
Country: United States
Domestic Marker Cap: $ 11,837 Billion
The New York Stock Exchange, the world’s largest stock exchange, is located on Wall Street, in New York, USA. The average daily trading on this stock exchange is about $ 170 Billion. It merged with the completely electronic stock exchange Euronext in 2007. Started in 1792, it was first called the New York Stock & Exchange Board. It trades in the continuous auction format, where traders act as agents and execute stock transactions on behalf of investors. The total capitalisation of listed companies on the NYSE is $ 12.25 trillion.
2. Tokyo Stock Exchange
Domestic Market Cap: $ 3,306 Billion
Located in Tokyo, Japan, the Tokyo Stock Exchange has 2414 listed companies. It has a combined market capitalization of US$3.1 trillion and was founded in 1878. The London Stock Exchange (LSE) and the TSE are now developing jointly traded products and sharing technology which makes it beneficial for both economies.
Country: United States
Domestic Market Cap: $ 3,239 Billion
“NASDAQ” originally stood for “National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations. It is the largest electronic screen-based equity securities trading market in the United States. It has more than 3800 companies listed and has the maximum trading volume as compared to any stock exchange in the world.
Country: Belgium, France, Holland, Portugal
Domestic Market Cap: $ 2,869 Billion
Euronext is a European Stock Exchange, based in Paris. It had a market capitalisation of US$2.26 trillion. Its merger with NYSE made it the first electronic stock exchange. Formed in the year 2000, it has 1400 companies listed. Currently, the trading volume is USD 25 Trillion.
5. London Stock Exchange
Country: United Kingdom
Domestic Market Cap: $ 2,796 Billion
Founded in 1801, The London Stock Exchange, is among the largest stock exchanges in the world. It has 3000 companies listed and is part of the London Stock Exchanges Group. It is also referred to as the William Morris. It has the maximum number of foreign companies listed and is completely electronic.
6. Shanghai Stock Exchange
Domestic Market Cap: $ 2,704 Billion
Located in Shanghai in China, the Shanghai Stock Exchange is the world’s third largest stock exchange by market capitalisation at US$3.07 trillion as of May 2010. It was founded in 1891 and has 890 companies listed on it.
7. Hong Kong Stock Exchange
Country: Hong Kong
Domestic Market Cap: $ 2,345 Billion
The Hong Kong Stock Exchange is Asia’s second largest stock exchange, founded in 1891. It has 1,241 listed companies with a combined market capitalization of $2.7 trillion. In 2000, the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited, Hong Kong Futures Exchange Limited together with Hong Kong Securities Clearing Company Limited merged together under a single exchange HKEx.
8. Toronto Stock Exchange
Domestic Market Cap: $ 1,608 Billion
Toronto stock exchange is the third largest stock exchange in North America and the eighth largest in the world. It was founded in 1861, and descended from the Toronto group of Brokers. It has the most oil, gas and mining companies listed on it than any other stock exchange. It trades about 250 million shares per day.
9. BM & FBovespa
Domestic Market Cap: $ 1,337 Billion
Bolsa de Valores, Mercadorias & Futuros de São Paulo is a stock exchange based in Sao Paulo. It was established in 1890 and is the 10th largest stock exchange in the world today in terms of market capitalisation. There are 450 companies listed under it. It has offices in New York, Shanghai and London. In 2008, the São Paulo Stock Exchange (Bovespa) and the Brazilian Mercantile and Futures Exchange (BM&F) merged, creating BM&FBOVESPA
10. Bombay Stock Exchange
Domestic Market Cap: $ 1,306 Billion
The Bombay Stock Exchange is the oldest stock exchange in Asia, and the 12th Largest in the world. It is located on Dalal Street in Mumbai. It has about 5000 companies listed on it. The BSE Sensex is widely used for trading in Asia and India. It was founded in 1875, and its trading volume is $1000 billion. It is the largest of the 22 stock exchanges in India. It has grown significantly since 1990, when liberalisation and privatisation gained momentum in India. The exchange is involved with the development of the retail debt market.