Top 10 Psychological Diseases

Psychological illness may vary from widely known irrational fears to post traumatic stress syndrome. Discussed herein are top ten psychological illnesses that affect millions of people globally in the present times.


1. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive compulsive disorder also referred to as OCD is psychological illness that is characterized by imaginations that creates stress or nervousness, by redundant behaviors or an amalgamation of such imaginations which are obsession and actions also known as compulsions. This may range from widespread hoarding, continuous hand washing or obsession with religious or aggressive desires.


2. Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is also referred to as bipolar affective disorder in medical quarters. In some instances it is also known as depressive disorder. This is whereby the person suffers from sensitive disorders that are identified by the existence of a single or multiple episodes of abnormal superior mood levels commonly known as mania. If it’s mild it is called hypomania. Patients with this condition are also known to undergo depressive signs or mixed emotions, i.e. mania and depression at the same time.


3. Social Anxiety Disorder

Social anxiety disorder is commonly known as social phobia or social anxiety. In a case where a person suffers from this particular condition, they become tremendously uncomfortable when around other people and will often suffer from anxiety when in a social setting. This is known to result in unnecessary stress or inability to function normally in some aspects of day to day life.


4. Clinical Depression

Clinical depression also known as severe depression disorder or Unipolar depression is a serious type of psychological disease. A person is said to be clinically depressed when without explanation are no longer interested in normal day to day activity that would have otherwise been referred to as normal.


5. Schizophrenia

A person is said to suffer from schizophrenia when there are irregularities in the discernment or expression of the things that are around them. When a person suffers from this disease, it may have a huge affect on their ability to hear, see, taste, smell and touch. In worse case scenarios it may result in peculiar delusions, hallucinations or slurred speech followed with a huge amount of social dysfunction. The level of schizophrenia ranges from one person to another. There are those who have psychotic episodes then in a short while carry on with their lives. On the other hand there are those who constantly suffer from it and require constant dependency from those around them.


6. Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)

Unlike other cases of psychological disorders, body dysmorphia syndrome is where a person is constantly preoccupied with their bodies. Many are the times when a patient will spend countless hours before a mirror thinking that something is indeed wrong with their bodies.


7. Borderline Personality Disorder

Borderline Personality Disorder also referred to as BPD entails a lengthened fracas of character functionality that depends on profundity and variation of moods. Persons who suffer from this particular disorder are known to experience abnormal levels of emotional instability, double personality and unbalanced interpersonal relationships. In some instances the person may have issues with his or her identity and doubt their own self worth.


8. Acute Stress Disorder

Acute stress disorder is also referred to as psychological or mental shock in clinical terminologies. This is often as a result of a reaction to a terrifying occurrence. Many often mistake it for circulatory condition of shock.


9. Post traumatic stress disorder

Post traumatic stress disorder that is also known as PTSD is more often experienced in soldiers who have just returned from war. It is often as a result of exposure to life threatening ordeal that was hard to bear. Other military exposure, the condition may rise after surviving an accident, natural disaster or assault. Persons suffering from PST often suffer from recurring episodes of the ordeal they went through after a trigger.


10. Post Partum Depression

Post Partum Depression also known as PPD is a type of clinical depression that mainly occur in women immediately after delivery. Symptoms of PPD may vary from one person to another and may include exhaustion, stress, irritability, insomnia, unexplained crying, lack of libido and loss of appetite.


Psychological disorders are just but part of human life. It does not mean that when a person suffers from clinical depression or post natal depression that they are going crazy. Drastic measures that some people apply on patients such as chaining or isolation are uncalled for. It is possible for one to get the over the above stated conditions if proper medications as administered. Nonetheless, this can only be done by qualified medical personnel.


Knowing how to read when something is a miss is vital in diagnosing the condition at it early stages. Most of the time we only realize that the symptoms were actually known to as after the worst has happened. For example, clinical depression if not managed in the early stages can lead to suicide, unfortunate as it may seem that is the reality. When a perfectly normal suddenly starts showing unusual behaviors it is a cause of concern and as such one needs to take early measures to manage and treat the condition.


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