October has been an action-packed month throughout history. There are many momentous occasions which this article would like to make mention.
1. 95 Theses:
October 31, 1517: Martin Luther posts the 95 Theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany. As a catalyst to the Reformation, the 95 Theses centred on the practices within the Catholic Church. It rejected the validity of indulgences and spoke widely of absolution and baptism.
2. Indira Gandhi Assassination:
October 31, 1984: Indira Gandhi is assassinated by two of her security guards. A Khalistan movement arose to advocate for an independent Sikh State. They resorted to violence and assassinations to make this possible.
3. Hitler Withdraws From League of Nations:
October 14, 1933: Hitler withdraws Germany from the League of Nations. This was one of many steps Hitler took to reverse World War I peace policies. Hitler further rearms Germany and re-enters Rhineland, the strip between France and Germany, which was considered neutral as of 1918.
4. Siege of Jerusalem:
October 2, 1187: Kurdish Muslims led by Saladin regain control of Jerusalem. This invasion led to the end of the crusader era of Jerusalem.
5. Persons Case in Canada:
October 18, 1929: Women are now considered persons and are enfranchised. The ruling was made by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. Women were able to previously work during World War I when the men were at war.
6. American War of Independence Victory:
October 16, 1781: George Washington captures Yorktown. This was a decisive victory for the American and French forces. The battle was the last to be fought during the American Revolutionary Wars.
7. Saturday Night Massacre:
October 20, 1973: Richard Nixon fires his Attorney General and the Deputy Attorney General for not firing the Watergate Scandal prosecutor. Does this sound like a President who was innocent?
8. October Crisis:
Quebec separatist and terrorist group FLQ kidnap Labour and Immigration Minister Pierre Laporte. The group was also responsible for the bombing of the Montreal Stock Exchange.
9. Tlateloco Massacre:
October 2, 1968: The Mexican government massacred student and civilian protesters and bystanders, 10 days before the Olympics in Mexico City. The demonstrations were peaceful, despite government claims.
10. Mussolini is made Prime Minister:
October 30, 1922: Benito Mussolini is made Prime Minister after a democratic election. He goes down in books as a Nazi Collaborator and as one of three Axis leaders.