July 1st was a momentous day in history. Major battles were fought, decisions were made and independent countries were formed. Here are just 10 events that were major and noteworthy.
1. Battle of Boyne, 1690:
This was a battle fought during the Glorious Revolution. It was fought between two rivals of the English, Irish and Scottish thrones.
2. Battle of Gettysburg, 1863:
The Battle of Gettysburg was a battle fought during the American Civil War. The battle had the most casualties and was a turning point in the war. Robert Lee’s army was defeated at the end and the defeat caused him to end his invasion into the north.
3. Canadian Confederation (1867) & Prince Edward Island Entrance (1873):
6 years after Confederation, PEI joins Canada. It was the 6th province to enter the federal union.
4. Battle of Albert, 1916:
This WWI Battle begins on Canada Day in 1916 with the First Day of Somme. 19,000 British soldiers get slaughtered just on the first day. It later became known as the Battle of Somme.
5. Halt Chinese Immigration, 1923:
Chinese Immigration is halted in 1923. In the late 1800s, Chinese labour was used to build the Canadian Pacific Railway and to mine the new found gold. The Canadian government put a head tax on all Chinese individuals who came to Canada: $50 after the railways was finished.
6. Israel/West Germany, 1959:
Israeli Knesset agrees to sell weapon to West Germany.
7. European Community, 1967:
The European Community, now better known as the European Union is formally created. This came with the merger of the Common Market, the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Commission.
8. United Germany, 1990:
After the fall of the Berlin Wall, East and West Germany are finally reunited after almost 30 years of physical separation. A new German Reichmark is established and the economies are now one, rather than two.
9. Honk Kong, 1997:
After 156 years of British rule, Hong Kong is incorporated into China.
10. Independence Day: