In the present time when the countries are developing and people are advancing in terms of health and medicines, no country can afford to be left behind in these fields. But in some countries because of the economic development is very poor they cannot make the environment that clean and are not able to provide good food. Even they get some funds by international organizations and other big countries they are not able to provide healthy living conditions to their subjects. Health does not only means physical fitness, but the social and environmental health and to some extent mental health too is also considered. In some big countries the rural areas are very unhealthy. If not in rural than there are slums in urban area which are environmentally very unhealthy. In some countries people are full of diseases which can be treated but there are no such medicines like flues. And diseases which cannot be treated like HIV. Some of the places may seem unhygienic but the people are in good condition like in villages. So here are the unhealthiest countries, some of them you may not have heard of because they are too small and all are present in Africa and are not that popular.
This country was known as Nyasa land. In this country infant mortality rates are very high. And as usual in Africa HIV infected people are in abundance. Life expectancy is 50 years. There are about 70000 deaths in a year due to HIV. And the main subject to think upon is this that about 250. people are getting infected every day. Which means that there is very less awareness among the people. It is sad to know that government spends 100000$ to do funeral of the civil servants who dies of this disease. Except this there are diseases like typhoid, malaria and diarrhea in the country. Madonna also started a program raising Malawi to give financial help to the sufferers. They are trying o counter HIV but have failed to decrease the maternal mortality rate. They have made many free hospitals for the sufferers.
At first Zimbabwe was very successful in giving good sanitation facilities, medicines and providing health care. But in 2000 there was an economic crisis. Then at that time only the HIV endemic was caused worsting the situation in Zimbabwe. When all the factors were against the country the downfall started. That is why now Zimbabwe has one of the lowest life expediencies in the world that is 43. The infant mortality rate is now 12%. The economic downfall resulted in the closing of many hospitals and dispensaries and those hospitals were major ones. Those which were opened were not able to supply the medicines. Then there was political instability worsening the situation. Cholera is also spread which makes all the factors against Zimbabwe. Not even pure water was available to people what to ask about the food. There was then an emergency situation and international aid was provided.
In this country of Africa the infant mortality rate is 100 per 1000 infants and the fertility rate is 5 births per woman. As proper medical facilities rate not applied the maternal mortality rate became 550 per 100000 births. So the Mozambique government is trying to control the maternal deaths. 12% of the population has AIDS which is lower as compared to the neighboring countries. The fertility rate is 5.4 births per women. The government is taking good steps to improve the health of the people as they spend 42$ per ca pita in a year which is more as compared o other African countries. Over 88% of the population was given vaccination. About 11% budget is targeted here. Many NGOs are also helping Mozambique.
This is another country which is critically affected by HIV. It is having the highest rate of HIV in the world. 25% of the people are suffering from HIV. It has 4th lowest life expectancy. About 60% of all the deaths are caused by HIV only. Cancer and heart diseases cause very few deaths as compared to HIV. Tuberculosis is also a big problem. In 2004 39% pregnant women had HIV and this ensured that their children could also be having HIV. The country is doing lots of efforts to improve their conditions. The public expenditure was 4% of GDP and 2.3% was private. Infant mortality rate was 70 per 1000 kids with giving 16 doctors per 100000 persons.
The infant mortality rate is very high that is 8.1%. There are less number of doctors that is 5 physicians for 10000 people. But the main problem is not the disease but the HIV/AIDS here. Many people here are affected by AIDS. The prevalence of HIV is one of the highest in the world that is about 24% which is a very high rate. It is little low in rural areas but in urban area every 1 of 2 ladies is infected by HIV. The life expectancy was 42 years. The country is working on this issue and is doing every possible thing to save the subjects. They have started many programs which tell the people how to prevent it. The transmission of HIV from mother to child has been stopped partially. It is a very good achievement by the country. Bill Clinton and Bill Gates went to Lesotho so that they could assess their fight against this disease. This epidemic is declining in the country. Many international organizations are also lending Lesotho a helping hand.
6. Central African Republic
This country is present in Central Africa and is small. The male birth expectancy is 45 years. The fertility rate on an average is 5 births per women which is high. About 4.8% is the percentage of HIV in the adult population which is way too higher that other African countries. Female birth expectancy is 48 years. The availability of doctors is very much low in this country. About 0.8 doctors per 100000 people. The government is doing considerate efforts to control the diseases and provide proper treatment and to make medicines available in the country as they are spending about 11% of the total spent money in health care and about 20$ per person. But even after the considerate efforts f the government not much improvement is seen.
The main problem in this country is of vaccination. About 50% of the children are not vaccinated. The health care hospitals and dispensaries are not accessible. Only 40% have access to them. There are high rates of HIV and many deaths are caused by it only. The water they drink is not pure and there are water borne diseases. They suffer from meningitis and respiratory diseases and diarrhea. Malaria and TB is suffered by many. The living conditions are just terrible. there are no sanitary facilities which is great problem. The earthquakes are a big problem and there is shortage of medicines also.
8. Burkina Faso
In this country the unhygienic environmental conditions leads to many diseases. The avg. life expectancy is just 51. The medical facilities are little better as compared to the above countries. But there are only 10 physicians to 100000 people and 40 wives for the same. The HIV is declining in the country because of the clinics. 73% of the girls of this country have suffered through female genital mutilation. They are cut by razors as it is thought in that country that through it the chastity of the women remains.
The medical facilities are limited. The medicines remain unavailable or out of stock. Membership is required in good clinics. There is widespread malaria in the country and may prove fatal. If anyone has caught a flu he becomes easy attack for malaria. Like other countries in Africa, diarrhea and respiratory problems are prominent. Diseases like chicken pox, typhoid and HIV are also prominent because of the living conditions. Now there are many programs started by international organizations for giving vaccines and providing medicines.
In this country of Africa the diseases are the main reasons for its unhealthiness. There are hospitals but are less in number and are not accessible. And the life expectancy in this poor nation is 57.4 in 2012. It shows a little improvement from the past. Lots and lots of communicable diseases are widespread in this area. Malaria, TB and diarrhea are some of them. The fertility rate is 5.9 births per women. You can very well imagine that the TB is affected to 420 people per 100000 people in this country. 21 percent children are malnourished. In 2003 about 95% of the health care facilities were destroyed. It has 1 doctor per 100000 people which is very bad indicator. Maternal mortality rate is 990 per 100000 people.
By what standard? These are all African countries except for Haiti?
I also forgot to mention – Not all countries are located in Africa. Haiti is the Carribbean. Poorly written, poor grammar, not well researched. My son who is in third grade could have written this better.