These days, all the countries has started adopting “green solutions” for fighting against global warming and other environmental problems. They want to ensure minimum carbon emission and minimum use of renewable energy sources. Almost all the countries have formed policies and strategies to prevent deforestations, encourage plantation, encourage recycling, and promote solar energy and other forms of renewable energy. Here is the list of the greenest countries in the world ranked according to their Environmental Performance Index (EPI):
The greenest country on this planet is Iceland. The country ranks first and wins the position of greenest country on the earth. The electricity in the country comes from geothermal means. Also, heating is done using hydrogen. This means that more than 80 percent of the energy used in the country is renewable. Soon, the country can become 100% efficient in terms of green energy. Moreover, they use recycled products, eco fuel, green products, etc.
The second greenest country ij the world is Switzerland. This remarkable success in the greenest country on earth was due to the green societies of the country. The people of the country use energy from renewable sources and uses eco-friendly products. The people themselves participate in cleaning the surroundings and keeping a clean environment. The people living there prefer bicycles instead of cars when travelling within the city. Some small towns do not even allow the use of cars for transportation.
3. Costa Rica
Even though it is small country, the great things of the country make it better than others. It lies in Latin America and has very sound policies on environmental damage. The energy from renewable sources is used as a source of power for the country. The government states that by 2021, this country will be carbon neutral country. To conserve the forests, the country undertook massive reforestation techniques and planted more than 5 million trees in just 3-5 years.
Sweden is ranked fourth in the list of green cities. The country uses eco-friendly products to implement the environmental conservation. The country has efficiently covered all the forests and avoided deforestation. Another thing very famous about this country is the use of dust from the vibrant lumbar for heating purposes. Many other strategies have been employed by the government of the country so as to avoid global warming and its effects. It has advanced on the use of fossil fuels as well.
In the era of global warming and severe climate change, Norway has acted rapidly to improve the circumstances. We all know that the Northern part of Norway is very close to Arctic. Because of that the impact of global warming is huge in Norway. Thus, Norway has to act as soon as possible in order to conserve their green environment. The country is already doing its part by using eco fuels and renewable energy. Recycling is also a very regular thing among the people of Norway.
The only country in Africa that has done very good in conserving the environment is Mauritius. The EPI performance of this country is better than every other in Africa. The country has promoted the use of many eco-friendly products in the day to day life. It has started doing recycling of many products and making the country greener. On the top of it, the maximum power used in the country comes from generating hydro-electricity in various parts of the country.
France is a country which uses renewable sources of energy and is doing well when we think of environmental conservation. It has impressed the world by using eco fuels, doing organic farming, using renewable energy sources such as solar power. The solar energy used in France is initiated by the government by reducing the taxes of those who decides to use solar panels in their homes and offices for power. Many other products such as straw bales in constructions and others are used as they are eco-friendly.
Austria has successfully implemented many green policies and is one of the greenest countries in the world. The country has collaborated with Czech Republic. This collaboration means that both the countries will create eco-friendly gardens on the border of the two. These gardens have grown full of floras such as fruits, trees, flowers, herbs, etc. Also, they do not use any Pesticides to maintain the gardens. The country has implemented many other eco-friendly products and many environmental resources of energy.
Cuba is another country which focuses on implementing environmental solutions. The main focus of the people there is to prevent any further emission of carbon in the atmosphere. The company has banned and illegalized use of certain pesticides as they contribute largely in polluting the environment. Most of the power in the country comes from hydroelectricity. The government there made a green energy policy which ensures the connectivity of each house to the nearby hydro station.
Columbia is a country in South America which has taken many great steps for making the country Green and found many green energy solutions. Initially it was the victim of deforestation, but it later took many steps and ensured no further environmental damage. The country is very focused in conserving the environment and its resources. Some steps taken by them to stay environment friendly are: using Bamboo sticks replacing steel in construction, allocating National Parks to save endangered species, promoting the eco-friendly products, reducing deforestation, etc.