Top 10 Infectious Diseases

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Diseases are everywhere and if you see, 5 out of 10 people have infectious which are not obvious at times with your naked eyes. Human being lives a life which is exposed to various bacteria and virus which somehow latches onto a human’s body either through contact or breathes, which are spread from one person to another too. Sometimes it outbreaks in the form of diseases which are either curable or incurable, also some of them shows themselves only after a certain period of time. Current lifestyle of human beings is such that food is made out of artificial ingredients which are harmful when consumed for a long period of time. Also some live in unhygienic conditions which are also the reasons which increase the occurrence of infectious diseases. Here I’m listing out few of the common infectious diseases which has higher rate of occurrence.


1. Tuberculosis


Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis which mainly affects a person’s lungs. TB is an airborne disease and is contracted to a person when he comes in direct contact with a TB patient who coughs or sneezes in front of him. Symptoms mainly include bad cough up to 3 weeks, loss of appetite, weight loss, fever, coughing up blood or mucus. TB can be treated when it is diagnosed earlier with medicines which need to be consumed for a long period of time. If left untreated, it can turn deadly.


2. Hepatitis


Hepatitis is one of the rampant diseases presently in the world and there are various types of the same. This is basically disease which causes inflammation of liver. Liver being the most vital organ for the working of the system, if affected can cause much problem to the person. The types are A, B, C, D and E; their symptoms and degree of severity having difference. Though A and C type is caused by intake of contaminated food; B, C and D are caused when made direct contact with the infected fluids mainly through blood and blood products. Symptoms include fatigue, dark urine, light colored stools, fever and jaundice. Most of the times the symptom goes unnoticed and is not evident with naked eyes. Early diagnosis would be required for this disease and proper treatment with proper vaccines would initiate the decrease in the severity of the disease.


3. Malaria


Malaria is caused by parasite named plasmodium which is carried by infected mosquitoes and the disease becomes evident only 10-15 days after the bite. The symptoms are high fever, chills, muscle pain; more like flu symptoms. The parasite which enters the body multiplies itself in the liver and also affecting the red blood cells too. If not treated at the earliest, it can become life threatening situation by blocking blood supply to various vital organs. Early diagnosis is very much important for this disease as that is the only way to curb the disease from increasing.


4. Food poisoning

Food poisoning

Food poisoning is rather common infectious disease when someone gets when that person consumes food which is contaminated or prepared in an unhygienic surrounding. Symptoms are basically diarrhea, loss of body fluid, vomiting and tiredness. However they are not fatal disease and can be treated by consuming ORS and other antibiotics to avoid any more concurrence of the disease. This disease extends up to maximum 2 days. If it extends one should seek medical assistance.


5. Dengue


Dengue is disease which is caused by transmission of viruses by mosquitoes and ends up causing symptoms like fever, joint pains, headache, rashes and swollen lymph nodes. Worst case dengue fever causes hemorrhage with bleeding, vomiting, breathing difficulty. This mainly affects children under the age of 10 years and is very lethal if not diagnosed early. Although there is no proper treatment for the disease, early diagnosis and attacking individual symptoms can help in combating this deadly disease.


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