The most beautiful part of our whole body is the eyes through which we perceive beauty of nature and everyone around. It is these eyes which helps us to accomplish any task. Sadly, Many of us do not take care of this very sensitive organ and later suffer from different problems. These problems can evolve because of aging, strain or some other reasons. Here is a list of 10 common eyes problems.
1. Shortsightedness and Farsightedness.
Popularly known as Myopia and Hypermetropia, these two problems are fairly common problems of teenagers and youth. A myopic person has clear vision when looking at objects close to them, but distant objects will appear blurred. On the other hand, a hypermetropic person may have blurred vision when looking at objects close to them, and clearer vision when looking at objects in the distance. These problems can be corrected by using suitable convex and concave lenses.
On the contrary to dry eyes, watery eyes is also a common eye problem. Though tearing is a common function of eye which helps to wash away the foreign products in it, excessive tearing calls for medication. Tear over-secretion is generally caused by inflammation of the surface of the eye because of a number of reasons, including eyelash and eyelid problems or allergies. Watery eyes can often be treated very simply, with eye drops or warm compresses.
3. Dry eyes.
Dry eyes also are described by the medical term, “keratitis sicca” , which generally means decreased quality or quantity of tears. This happens when tear glands cannot make enough tears or produce poor quality tears. Persistent dryness, scratchiness, red eyes and a burning sensation are common symptoms of dry eyes. General medication includes eye drops and lubricant which initiates tears. In case the problem is environmental, sunglasses can be also preferred.
Most known by pink eye, this vision problem can occur to people of any age be it a school going children, an adolescent, or aged people. What happen is that the thin covering on the white part of eye gets inflammated. Without any surprise: the primary symptom of pink eye is an eye that has a pink appearance. Since it is communicable in nature, the person suffering must not share his personal items like towels or tissues.
5. Eyelid problems.
Eyelids are quite crucial to the health of the underlying eye. They provide coverage of the cornea and help in the distribution and elimination of tears. Pain, itching and tearing are some common symptoms of eyelid problems. Other problems may include drooping eyelids,blepharaitis, chalazion, stye ( inflamed outer edges of the eyelids near the eyelashes). Eyelid problems often can be treated with proper cleaning, medication, or surgery.
6. Corneal diseases.
Cornea is basically the outermost layer in your eye which is actually a highly organized group of cells and proteins. Unlike most tissues in the body, the cornea contains no blood vessels to nourish or protect it against infection. Thus it is susceptible to infection, injury and exposure to toxic waste, or any foreign product. There is a particular treatment for this called corneal transplant which basically involves replacing a diseased or scarred cornea with a new one.
Glaucoma is an eye diseases causing optic nerve damage. The optic nerve carries images from the retina, which is the specialized light sensing tissue, to the brain so we can see. It is basically caused because of the fluid pressure that keeps building up in the eye with the age. The critical pressure is different for different people. People with high pressure may not have glaucoma but the one with relatively low can actually have this issue.
The next common eye problem on our list is cataracts, which also happens to be the the most common cause of blindness. Cataracts are simply the cloudy areas that develop within the eye lens. Visual loss occurs because the cloud on the lens prevents the light from passing and being focused on to the retina at the back of the eye. Well, this is mostly caused due to aging but there can be other factors also.
Floaters are deposits of various size, shape within the eye’s vitreous humour, which is normally transparent. In the youth, these deposits are not visible to us but as we grow, they these defects develops. The medical science has not found any medication so far for this vitreous deterioration.
It is a condition where, with age, the eye exhibits a progressively diminished ability to focus on near object. Like gray hair and wrinkles, presbyopia is a symptom caused by the natural course of aging.. The first signs of presbyopia – eyestrain-difficulty seeing in dim light. But it is often corrected with reading glasses.
We must not ignore any strange symptoms as these can turn into incurable problems and even the loss of vision. We must take preventive measures like cleanliness to assure healthy eye