During the reformation era, many leaders who went against the Catholic Church were deemed heretics and were excommunicated. Others were burned at the stake after being deemed heretics. One particular scientist was put on trial and sentenced to house arrest for going against the church.
The most luxurious paintings are not automatically the best. The auction prices presented by some private art galleries are usually ludicrous however some of the most marvelous paintings are normally showcased in museums and public art galleries.