It is always interesting to find about our history. In the past there have been many civilizations that were constructed, that thrived well and later were destructed into ruins. Learning about these civilizations gives us an insight into their way of living, their culture, their architecture, their art and their technological inventions. These civilizations have been mysteries, clues to which are found in the form of ruins throughout the world. They have risen to glory and fallen. It is fascinating to discover these ruins and to learn about their glorious pasts. Given below are the top 10 ancient civilizations along with the mysteries that surround them.
1. Egyptian Treasures in the Grand Canyon
This is regarding many artifacts found in the Grand Canyon which was publicized by the Arizona Gazette in 1909. The truth behind this story is yet to be established, moreover since the site of the excavation was never found again. However some experts did give the article a certain amount of credibility because of the mention of the Smithsonian Institution which had financed the expedition.
2. Location of Atlantis
A very famous island is the Atlantis. It was described by Plato but its location was not mentioned clearly. There is a lot of confusion regarding its exact location. For many the island does not exist at all and others who thought it existed have searched for clues, but to no purpose. There are many places considered as locations of Atlantis like the Bermuda, Antarctica, Mexico, etc. These theories will continue till actual evidences are found.
3. Voyages to Americas
Everyone knows that Colombus discovered America. However the truth is that there have been people visiting this island even before Colombus. Evidence shows that the island had been inhabitated by the natives and has been explored by explorers, much before Colombus set his foot on the American soil. Artifacts, pottery, coins and statues have been found that prove the above mentioned facts. Egyptians, Asians, Hebrews, all have explored the American soil at some time or the other.
4. Mu or Lemuria
This place is a legend. Better known as the lost world, it was considered located in the Pacific Ocean. It was considered to be a beautiful island almost equal to paradise. It is rumored that the island along with its people sank in the ocean some thousands of years ago. Of course, it is still being debated whether such an island did exist at all.
5. Sunken City off Cuba
In the year 2001, ruins were discovered below the ocean waters off Cuba. The ruins were placed in proper patterns which were too good for nature to have placed them. There has been a good deal of investigations happening to find out what are the ruins all about. Is it really a sunken city? Only timely evidence can prove that.
6. Mayan Calendar
Mayan calendar is very famous for its predictions regarding the end of the world. This calendar ends on a date December 21, 2012, which has been a basis of these predictions. Does this mark the end of the world and the beginning of a new age? Well the only way we can find that out is by actually waiting for the day to arrive.
7. Nazca Lines
These lines are found in the desert of Lima in Peru. These etched lines and figures were discovered in the 1930s. They are only straight lines that intersect each other or run parallel. Apart from lines there are also some animals carved on the ground. They can be seen only from a very high altitude. Some people say that these were used as runways for extra – terrestrials but the truth of their origin is not yet known.
8. Age of Pyramids and Sphinx
Today the Sphinx is considered to be some 4500 years old. However there has been no proof that this is true. There are no inscriptions or carvings or any writings that could tell the exact age of the Sphinx. The famous Egyptologist John Anthony West came out with a theory. He explained that the weathering caused on the base of the Sphinx could have been made by rain water. Such rains were experienced some 10500 years ago. So if the Shinx is really that old, the actual questions about its construction are still unknown.
9. Japan’s Underwater Ruins
Similar to the sunken city off Cuba, there have been structures discovered near Okinawa in Japan. It is believed that these structures must have been built by some lost civilization. They were proved to be man – made because of the manner in which they have been constructed. Seen within the ruins were roads, streets, staircases, plazas, etc. which suggest that it could be another sunken city.
10. Rama Empire of India
This Empire of India has been preserved in its ancient books unlike many ancient civilizations that have been destroyed by earthquakes or are found at the bottom of some oceans. The discovery of Harappa and Mohenjo Daro has confirmed the theory that Indian civilization dated many thousands of years back.
These are some of the topmost ancient civilizations. Some existed but were destroyed by the wrath of nature like earthquakes and floods. These civilizations had their own cultures and traditions. Some of them are still considered imaginary. Their existence can be proved only on finding strong evidences in the form of writings or carvings or artifacts or even ruins.